The Pyramid Texts of UNAS
ca.2350 BCE

Cartouche of King Unas ("wnis").
(ca. 2378 - 2348 BCE)

The Royal Ritual of
Rebirth & Illumination

by Wim van den Dungen


The translation of The Pyramid Texts of Unas is part of my Ancient Egyptian Readings (2016), a POD publication in paperback format of all translations available at maat.sofiatopia.org. These readings span a period of thirteen centuries, covering all important stages of Ancient Egyptian literature. Translated from Egyptian originals, they are ordered chronologically and were considered by the Egyptians as part of the core of their vast literature.

The study of the sources, hieroglyphs, commentaries and pictures situating the text itself remain on the website at no cost.

ENGLISH VERSION OF THE TEXT


the tomb of King Unas (ca. 2378 - 2348 BCE)
repartition of the texts in 13 sections

"<" from right to left or ">" from left to right
"<" or ">" between numbers = sequence of the text
"<" (face left) or ">" (face right) underneath / above numbers = direction of the signs


Introduction

1
Remarks.
2 Texts of the Burial-chamber.
3 Texts of the Passage-way.
4 Texts of the Antechamber.
5 Texts of the Corridor.
6
Bibliography.

The Complete Text l Central Plan of the Hieroglyphs l Commentary l Bibliography


Burial-Chamber l Passage-way l Antechamber l Corridor l Serdab


HIEROGLYPHS

Burial-chamber or Sarcophagusroom (I, II, III, IV, V) l Passage-way (VI)
Antechamber (VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII) l Northern Corridor (XIII) l Serdab (XIV)


Another study of the Unas text is available online. So is Sethe's standard edition of the Pyramid Texts (1908) and Mercer's translation (1952).


Remark :

The use of capitals in words as "Absolute", "God" or "Divine", points to a rational context (i.e. how these appear in a theology conducted in the rational mode of thought). Hence, when these words are used in the context of Ancient Egyptian ante-rational thought (which, as a cultural form, was mythical, pre-rational & proto-rational), this restriction is lifted. Hence, words such as "god", "the god", "gods", "goddesses", "pantheon" or "divine" are not capitalized.


1. Remarks about this translation.

Besides the general introduction, following remarks about the present text persist.

The Pyramid Texts are dated at least contemporary with the pyramids in which they were inscribed, if not several centuries earlier. King Unas (ca. 2378 - 2348 BCE) probably disposed of a vast collection of religious texts on papyrus, and decided to be the first to inscribe his choice of 228 texts on the walls of his tomb. The latter would act as a terrestrial magical input/output-module de opere operato, interacting with the other parts of creation : the Netherworld (Duat) and the sky (Pet) or heaven. These oldest religious texts of humanity were inscribed ca. 4300 years ago and came to us unaltered & uncorrupted.

"Although they are first attested in the pyramid of Unis, most of the Pyramid Texts are undoubtedly older. With few exceptions, their grammar is that of a stage of the language that disappeared from secular inscriptions at least fifty years earlier, and the architecture of the pyramid chambers that they reflect came into use at the end of the Fouth Dynasty, more than a hundred years before Unis's time. Some of the texts reflect burial practices that are even older, in earthen graves beneath tombs built of mudbrick." - Allen, 2005, p.4.

Notwithstanding the rarity of corruptions, to the present day translator these texts pose problems of grammar, vocabulary, orthography and meaning. Indeed, many mythological, analogical, emblematic, allegorical & metaphorical connotations and other symbolical allusions are lost or obscure today. Names of certain snakes, lesser deities, foodstuffs, certain words etc. are unknown, and can only be transcribed, not translated.

In 1908, Sethe's standard edition of the hieroglyphic texts appeared : Die altägyptischen Pyramidentexte. In it, texts were grouped into "Sprüche" (Utterances or Spells). Over a period of thirty years, his German translation & commentary, under the title Übersetzung und Kommentar zu den altägyptischen Pyramidentexten, was published posthumously. In 1952, Mercer published the first English version and in 1968, Piankoff translated the text in his The Pyramid of Unas. In 1969, Faulkner published The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, the acclaimed standard English translation, whose grammatical and semantic perspectives the present translation for the better part shares. He argued for a fresh translation of the 759 utterances and this because Sethe's work was very bulky, incomplete and never revised by its author. Meanwhile more material had come to light, enabling him to restore many lacunae, whereas in the last half of the previous century great advances in Ancient Egyptian had been made.

In 2005, Allen published The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, containing the texts found in 10 tombs (besides the canonical five, he also includes Ankhesenpepi II, Neith, Iput II, Wedjebetni & Ibi). This clear translation of the Unas text is in many ways remarkable and most welcome, in particular regarding the use of verbal forms, as well as offering translations of passages beforehand deemed untranslatable, calling for revision. No doubt, this translation by Allen excells Faulkner's and is a humbling experience for anyone studying these texts for years.

"The rules of grammar are well defined so far as they go, but within those rules a doubt must often remain, for example, as to whether a given sentence is to be understood as a statement or as a wish ; in such cases a translator can render a passage only as he himself feels it." - Faulkner, 1969, viii.

The Egyptian text used here is Sethe's, whereas the pictures of the tomb are those of
Piankoff (1968) but digitally enhanced to allow for a better identification of the signs. The standard translations of Sethe, Mercer, Piankoff, Faulkner and Allen assisted greatly, adding to the depth of an enterprise started in 2001, namely a series of fundamental texts dealing with the sapiental teachings of the Ancient Egyptians.

The availability of a more dramatic view on these texts was felt necessary. To integrate all available standard translations, the original Egyptian text and an artistic eye for performance (cf. Critical Esthetics, 2007) was the aim when composing the present text. Understanding them as the magical blueprint in sacred words of a crucial ritual experience, these spoken texts are treated as mystical texts containing a strong shamanistic & ecstatic component. The application of a hermeneutics of mystical texts may at least prove interesting to back the philosophical commentary (cf. previous studies on Beatrice of Nazareth, Jan of Ruusbroec & ps.-Dionysius the Areopagite).

The idiom of the present effort is on the whole that of modern English. The pronouns "thou", "thy", "thee" and "ye" have been replaced by the current "You" and "your". Conform with Faulkner, verbal inflexions as "didst", "maketh" etc. are not present, while a few archaisms like "behold" and "lo" were retained to render the original "see" and "look". Unlike Faulkner, the royal cartouche with the name "Wenis" is translated as "King Unas" each time the text does not suggest an original first-person context. When King Unas speaks, the cartouche is translated as "I, King Unas" when appearing for the first time and "I" or "me" in all other instances of the same utterance. The reasons for this are not philological, but dramatic, initiatic and ritualistic.

"The drama, the theatric sense, is unquestionably one of the most fitting channels for the appropriate presentation of mystical and symbolical truth. This is a circumstance so little understood and appreciated by the uninitiated that it is frequently confounded with mere charlatanism. Yet many of the most adept among the mystics were educated to its use and have from time to time employed the thespian art for the purpose of occult explication." - Spence, 1929, chapter XII, p.230.

It will not escape the reader the text entertains a certain level of rhythmicization of its teachings, whereas dramatic structures are intended and repetitions are common. These characteristics refer to the dramatical, performative and initiatic objectives suggested by the text. That certain ritual actions took place during the recitation of protective spells and offerings, can be inferred by the presence of instructions like "pour libation", "burn incense", etc. or by the description of the offering at hand. These dramatical instructions have been italicized and integrated in the text precisely where this was the case in the original.

It seems the original was not restricted to a particular individual. Mistakes indicate the texts were transcribed to the walls from a papyrus scroll. Traces of editorial revision are present (for example, in Pepi I, a few spells indicate the deceased is someone other than the king himself, whereas entire sections of a wall indicate revisions).

"Most of the editorial revisions have to do with the replacement of an original first-person pronoun by the deceased's name or a third-person referent, thus 'personalizing' the texts for each pyramid. In some cases these changes took place after the original version was carved and are visible on the wall ; in others, the original first person can be deduced from pronouns overlooked by the editor, from grammatical constructions left unemended, or from variant uses of the deceased's name and a third-person pronoun in different copies. In translating such spells, an argument can be made both for adopting the original first person and for rendering the final third-person version." - Allen, 2005, p.5.

To bring out the dramatic, imaginative intent, as well as to make it easier to read, the present dramatic text is viewed as a sacred scenario in which all component parts work together to achieve two goals : (1) the rebirth of the king in the Duat (burial-chamber) and (2) his ascension to Re in the horizon (antechamber). Conjectures regarding the various steps in this process have been added as titles (in teal). This dramatic interpretation is in tune with the ritualistic, ecstatic & alchemical characteristics of the composition. It does not affect he body of the text (in black), but allows the reader to fluently finish the complete text in one reading.

"The only basis we have for preferring one rendering to another, when once the exigencies of grammar and dictionary have been satisfied -and these leave a large margin for divergencies- is an intuitive appreciation of the trend of the ancient writer's mind." - Gardiner, 1925, p.5.

Although, for comparative reasons, rooted in linguistic, synoptic and lexicographic considerations, the "découpage" of Sethe is interesting, it has the disadvantage of eclipsing the literary coherence brought to bear by each king in his choice of texts & their placement in the tomb. Today we know that in any work of royal art a strong visual semantic was at work. Cardinal relationships exist and these allow us to conjecture the meaning of a text as a function of its placement in the tomb, establishing meaningful patterns with other texts on adjacent walls or in identical positions (cf. the West Gable of the burial-chamber and the East Wall of the antechamber both contain protective spells, as it were encircling the tomb). The Unas text is approached as a composition in its own right. Moreover, it did set the tone, became canonical and is the only complete version we have.
Piankoff (1968) was the first to translate the text of Unas as a unity.

conjectured symbolism of the compass points

"Each of the Pyramid Texts is complete in itself. They are superimposed to convey different shades of meaning for certain passages, the key to such modifications being given by the meaning of the King's name." - Schwaller de Lubicz, 1985, p.72.

The "funerary interpretation" must be suspended. The latter dictates these texts to exclusively deal with afterlife issues, suggestive of completed actions. Although it is clear they were used during and after the burial of the divine king, it is equally possible for the composition to points to this-life rituals (cf. Naydler, 2005). In fact, small errors indicate this must have been the case. Actions should not a priori be viewed as completed. The perfect, indicating a past action viewed as completed in the present, is translated as past perfect tense if the completed action is referenced in the past.

"The deeply entrenched view that the contents of the Pyramid Texts relates either to funerary ritual or to beliefs of the Egyptians concerning the afterlife and does not relate to the experiences of the living king is incompatible with the texts themselves and stands in the way of a true perception of their meaning." - Naydler, 2005, pp.310-311.

Maybe the pyramid complex was the place of the royal cult, involving regeneration (rebirth) and ecstatic unity with Re, the father of the divine king ? Perhaps this royal cult was at hand as soon as the new king was crowned ? The Heb Sed ritual has Osirian connotations (the king assuming the dramatic role of Osiris to regenerate), whereas the daily service of the king, or his representatives, in the inner sanctum of later temples dedicated to the deities, involving opening the doors of the horizon and facing the deity in the "naos", is reminiscent of the companionship with Re which befell the divine, ascended king in the sky.

"The great state temples, although we know next to nothing about their inscriptions in the Old Kingdom, were principally devoted to restating and celebrating the relationship between the king and the gods, by which the natural cosmic order was maintained : to put it simply, the king ensured that the gods received the attention they deserved and needed, and they in return ensured that Egypt was safe and provided for." - Strudwick, 2005, p.18.

Reading the text in terms of a spiritual drama (a mystery-play - cf. Sethe, 1928) calls for an editorial format in which the expressive, exclamatory style is used to boost the narrative. Mindful of what is not at our disposal when translating Old Egyptian, what can we do more than make an intelligent guess ?

Of course, the reader is asked to plunge into the anterational mindset of these ancient authors, acquainting him or herself as much as possible with the mythical, pre-rational and proto-rational layers of early cognition, clearly devoid of theoretical conceptualization, abstraction or discursive thought.

At first, this may seem bewildering, but in fact the whole edifice comes down to two salvic paths : rebirth (as Osiris) and illumination (as Re). They are sublimations of the "Great Mother" (or "great goddess") and the "Wise Father" (or "strong bull") archetypes animating family life, and turn up in all religions. In general terms, these are the Lunar and Solar paths most, if not all, living, luminous creatures walk to survive. These cycles are crucial to all monthly & seasonal processes of body, energy & mind.

So once the basic relationships between the mythical players are understood (between Horus & Seth, regarding what happened to Osiris, Set & Horus etc.), a standard set of events between them, as well as differences appear (as in the pictoral Amduat-texts, were visual registers occur). In the Ancient Egyptian anterational way of thinking, continuous regeneration (through darkness) and eternal efficient being (through light) were the two continuous, substantial modes of being. The aspiration of the intellectual élite, was keeping both united & separated. Clearly, although institutionalized, these priests had the time to upkeep shamanism (guided trance), the power of suggestion, magic, dream-work, funerary rituals and the ecstatic union with the god(dess).

"Thus the purpose of initiatoric texts is far less a logical one that it is to provoke shocks, emotional reactions, or to grate against the cerebral need for sequential logic. Paradox, improbable images, the juxtaposition of unconnected phrases are freely employed. The texts appeal to sensation, to a feeling of emotive sensitivity." -
Schwaller de Lubicz, 1985, p.58.

Regarding the treatment of words related to Egyptian spiritual anthropology, the custom of simply transcribing them is followed, except for "Ib", rendered as "heart" and "Akhet", rendered as "horizon". Hence, "Ka", "Ba", "Akh" and "Khu" are left intact and explained in the commentary, whereas in the plural they are given as "Kas", "Bas", "Akhs" & "Khus". The term "dAt" is not translated as "Netherworld", but rendered as "Duat". The common names of the major towns of Egypt are translated as Memphis, Heliopolis, Hermopolis, Hierakonpolis, Crocodilopolis, Letopolis etc., except if they are part of titles (like "Bull of Nekhen" or "Bas of Iunu"). In this complete text, the numbering is done anew, while the standard number of the utterance was put between round brackets (and used in the commentary).


BURIAL-CHAMBER :

PROTECTION (I) - OFFERING LITURGY (II)
DUAT-VOYAGE, CORONATION & RETURN (III, IV & V)


The translation of The Pyramid Texts of Unas is part of my Ancient Egyptian Readings (2016), a POD publication in paperback format of all translations available at maat.sofiatopia.org. These readings span a period of thirteen centuries, covering all important stages of Ancient Egyptian literature. Translated from Egyptian originals, they are ordered chronologically and were considered by the Egyptians as part of the core of their vast literature.

The study of the sources, hieroglyphs, commentaries and pictures situating the text itself remain on the website at no cost.


I

BURIAL-CHAMBER / West Gable (226 - 243)


{...}  :  restored passage
<...> : conjectured translation of unknown word
(...)   : words added to bring out the sense and/or to clarify

The first number given, is the ordinal position of the utterance in the present English version of the 228 utterances of the Unas text, while the second is the traditional enumeration of the sayings by Sethe.


PROTECTING THE SARCOPHAGUS & THE WEST


Protection of the Sarcophagus Room (West)

all by the priest, except 5 and 15

1
(226)

To say the words :
Entwined is a Plait-snake by another Plait-snake, (and this)
toothless calf which came forth from the pasture has been entwined.

Earth, swallow up what has emerged from You !
Monster, lie down !
Crawl away !

The Majesty of the Pelican has fallen in the water.
Snake, turn over, that Re may see You !

2
(227)

To say the words :
"The head of the great black bull has been cut off."

Henepu-snake, I say this against You !
God-repelling scorpion, I say this against You !
Turn over, slide into the Earth, for I have said this against You.

3
(228)

To say the words :
One face has fallen on another face !
One face has seen another face !
The coloured knife, black and green, has gone against it.
It has swallowed the one it has licked.

4 (229)

To say the words :
This here is the fingernail of Atum, pressed on the knot of the vertebrae of Nehebu-Kas (the serpent deity), the one which stilled the turmoil from Hermopolis.

Fall down !
Crawl away !

5
(230) the two spells of Elephantine

by the priest :


To say the words :
Your two <poison-fangs> into the Earth !
Your two ribs into the hole !
Shoot liquid while the Two Kites will stand up.
Your mouth will be closed by the instrument of punishment, and the mouth of the instrument of punishment will be closed by Mafdet.
The one made <weary> will be bitten by the plait serpent.

by the King :


O Re, I, King Unas, have bitten the Earth. I have bitten Geb. I have bitten the father of him who would bite me. This one is the one who would bite me, I did not bite him. He bit me at the instant after seeing me. It was he who came against me, I did not go against him.

If You bite me, I will cause You to be alone ; (but) if You (only) look at me, I will permit You to have your companion.

by the priest

The plait serpent has been bitten by a serpent, a serpent has been bitten by the plait serpent. The sky will entwine, the Earth will entwine. The male who turns around the people will entwine, the god Blind-is-his-head will entwine, and You yourself, scorpion, will be entwined.

These are the two spells of Elephantine which are in the mouth of Osiris, which Horus has cast on the backbone (of the snake).

6
(231)

To say the words :
Your bone is a harpoon and You are harpooned. The hostile hearts are <held off>, and the pillars who are in the kiln's place are felled.

That is Hemen !

7
(232)

To say the words :
Vascular one, vascular one !
Seminal one, seminal one !
You long one of his mother, You long one of his mother !
Fluid one, fluid one !
The desert shall be washed for me.
Do not ignore me !

8
(233)

To say the words :
Fall, serpent that came forth from the Earth !
Fall, flame that came forth from Nun !

Fall down !
Crawl away !

9 (234)

To say the words :
On your face, You on his coil !
Get down on your backbone, You in your undergrowth !
Turn back because of me, You rejoicing with her two faces.

10 (235)

To say the words :
You long one, beaten flank, beaten flank !
You have copulated with the two female guardians at the threshold of my praised sovereign.


11
(236)

To say the words :
Earthen One of the Courtyard, <Trampled Porphyrite>, Foot-trampled, Cord, son of Hifeget - that is your name !

12  
(237)

To say the words :
The spittle is ended, what is in the (poison) sacs has fled to the house of its mother.

Monster, lie down !


13
(238)

To say the words :
The bread of your father is yours, You whose attack has missed !
Your own bread of your father is for You, You whose attack has missed !
The Gold of Jubilation, Apparent in Heat (as the Sun), that is your bull, the strong one against whom this is done.


14
(239)

To say the words :
The White Crown has emerged and swallowed the Great One.
The tongue of the White Crown gulped down the Great One, but the tongue was not seen.

15
(240)

by the King


To say the words :
Serpent, to the sky ! The centipede of Horus, to the Earth !
The cowherd, Horus, is stepping.
I, King Unas, have trodden on the path of Horus,
unknowingly, not knowing.

On your face, You in his undergrowth !
Be dragged away, You who are in his cavern !
Meat for the pot of Horus, which pervades the Earth !

O let the monster be off !


16
(241)

To say the words :
Spit of the wall !
Vomit of the brick !
What comes out of your mouth has been turned back against yourself !


17
(242)

To say the words :
The flame has been extinguished !
No lamp can be found in the house where the Ombite is.
The biting snake is all over the house of him whom it would bite, hiding in it.

18
(243)

To say the words :
Two Hetes-sceptres,
two Hetes-sceptres,
belong to two Djema-ropes,
two Djema-ropes,
as trampled bread.
Lion, go away !
Whether You are here or whether You are there, servant, spit out !


II

BURIAL-CHAMBER / North Wall


 OFFERING LITURGY


register 1 : 23, 25, 32 - 57


I Preliminary Purifications

all by the priest

19
(23) purification by water

Osiris, seize all those who hate King Unas -pour water- and who speak evil against his name. Thoth, go, seize him for Osiris. Bring him who speaks evil against the name of King Unas. Put him in your hand.

To say the words four times :
"Do not let go of him !
Beware, do not let go of him !"
-pour water-

20
(25) censing Ka-rite

Someone has gone with his Ka.

Horus has gone with his Ka.
Seth has gone with his Ka.
Thoth has gone with his Ka.

To say the words four times :
-burning incense-
"The god has gone with his Ka.
Osiris goes with his Ka.
Eyes-Forward has gone with his Ka.
You also have gone with your Ka."

O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is behind You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is behind You !

O Osiris King Unas, I have given You the Eye of Horus !
May your face be adorned with it !
May the perfume of the Eye of Horus diffuse over You !


21 (32) pouring of libation under the feet

This is your libation, Osiris.

This is your libation, O King Unas, have gone forth -libation & two pellets of natron- to your son, have gone forth to Horus.

I have come and I bring You the Eye of Horus, that your heart may be refreshed with it. I bring it to You under your feet.

Take the outflow that comes out from You. Your heart will not be weary with it.

To say the words four times :
"Come, (for) You have been invoked !"


22 (34) purification of the mouth by Upper Egyptian natron

Cream, cream, splits open your mouth !
O King Unas,
-Upper Egyptian natron of Nekheb, 5 pellets-
taste its taste in front of them of the divine chapels.

What Horus spits out is cream.
What Seth spits out is cream.
What reconciles the two gods is cream.

To say the words four times :
"You are purified in the company of the Followers of Horus."

23 (35) purification of the mouth by Lower Egyptian natron

Your purification is the purification of Horus.
Your purification is the purification of Seth.
-Lower Egyptian natron of Shetpet, 5 pellets-
Your purification is the purification of Thoth.
Your purification is the purification of the god.
Your purification is also among them.
Your mouth is the mouth of a sucking calf on the day he is born.


24 (36) final censing and declaration of purity

Your purification is the purification of Horus.
Your purification is the purification of Seth.
Your purification -incense, one pellet- is the purification of Thoth.
Your purification is the purification of the god.
Your purification is the purification of your Ka.
Your purification is the purification of your purification,
and this purification of yours also is among your brothers, the gods !

Your purification is on your mouth :
You should clean all your bones,
and end what is against You.

O Osiris, I give You the Eye of Horus !
Provide your face with it, spread through.

II Opening of the Mouth Rituals

1. Ritual of Opening the Mouth

25 (37) the Peseshkef or Flint Spreader

O King Unas, I have fastened your jaws spread for You.
-the Peseshkef-

26 (38) the divine iron

O Osiris King Unas, I split open your mouth for You.
-divine iron of Upper Egypt, 1 ingot ; divine iron of Lower Egypt, 1 ingot-

27 (39) the Eye of Horus

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus which went away :
I have brought it to You that I might put it in your mouth.
-Zeru-salt of Upper Egypt and Zeru-salt of Lower Egypt-

28 (40) the Shiku of Osiris

O King Unas, take the Shiku-mineral of Osiris !
-Shiku-


29 (41) the tip of the breast of Horus

Take the tip of Horus' own breast !
Take what is for your mouth !
-milk, 1 jar-

30 (42) the breast of Isis

Take the breast of your sister Isis the milk-provider,
which You should take to your mouth.
-an empty Menza-jar-

31 (32) pouring of libation under the feet

This is your libation, Osiris.

This is your libation, O King Unas, have gone forth -libation & two pellets of natron- to your son, have gone forth to Horus.

I have come and I bring You the Eye of Horus, that your heart may be refreshed with it. I bring it to You under your feet.

Take the outflow that comes out from You. Your heart will not be weary with it.

To say the words four times :
"Come, (for) You have been invoked !"

2. Mouth-opening Meal

32 (43) the Eye of Horus

Take the two Eyes of Horus, the black and the white.
Take them to your forehead, that they may brighten your face.
-the lifting up of a white jar and a black jar-

33 (44) dedication of offerings to Re

Re in the sky shall be pleased with You,
and he shall pacify the Two Lords for You.
The night is favorable to You.
-a fresh bread-loaf-
The Two Ladies are favorable to You.

Offerings have been brought to You.
Offerings is what You see.
Offerings is what You hear.

Offerings in front of You !
Offerings behind You !
Offerings are your portion !

34 (45) preparation of the mouth

O Osiris King Unas, take the white teeth of Horus, which shall equip your mouth.
-a bowl of 5 onions-heads-

35 (46) offering for the Ka : first cake

To say the words four times :
An offering which the King gives for the Ka of King Unas.
O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, your bread-loaf, and eat.
-a bread-loaf of offering-

36 (47) first cup

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which was taken from Seth and which You shall take to your mouth, and with which You should part your mouth !
-wine, a Hatjes jar of white quartzite stone-

37 (48) second cup

O Osiris King Unas, part your mouth with your full measure !
-wine, a Hatjes jar of black quartzite stone-

38 (49) third cup

O Osiris King Unas, take the <ferment> which comes from You !
-beer, a Henet-bowl of black quartzite stone-

39 (50) glorification of Re

O Re !
Your dawning, You in the sky, your dawning,
for King Unas, Lord of All Things !
As all things belong to yourself,
let all things belong to the Ka of King Unas,
let all things belong to himself !
-the lifting up before him of a sanctified offering-

40 (51) second cake

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, which You should taste.
-1 loin cake
-

41 (52) third cake

(O) You interred !
(O) You of the dark !
-1 porridge-loaf-

42 (53) first meat

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, which You should embrace.
-1 kidney
-

43 (54) fourth cup

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus,
which was taken from Seth and saved for You !
Part your mouth with it !
-
wine, a Henet-bowl of white quartzite stone-

44 (55) fifth cup

King Unas !
Take <the ferment> that comes from Osiris !
-
beer, a Henet-bowl of black quartzite stone-

45 (56) sixth cup

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, rescued for You.
It will never escape from You !
-
beer, an iron Henet-bowl-

46 (57) seventh cup

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, provide yourself with it !
-
beer, a blackened Henet-bowl-


BURIAL-CHAMBER / North Wall
register 2 : 72 - 79 , 81 - 96, 108 - 116


3. Anointment with Seven Oils

47 (72) festival oil

O Osiris King Unas, I have filled your Eye with ointment.
To say the words four times :
-festival-scent oil-


48
(73)
jubilation oil

O Osiris King Unas, take <the ferment> (which is) from his face.
-jubilation oil
-

49
(74)
pine oil

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, on which he caused <devastation>.
-pine oil-

50
(75) rejoining oil

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he rejoined.
-rejoining oil-

51 (76) support oil

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, wherewith he got the gods.
-support oil-


52
(77)
pine oil

Ointment ! Ointment !
Where should You be ?
O You on the brow of Horus, where should You be ?
-first quality cedar oil-
You were on the brow of Horus, but I will put You on the brow of this King Unas.

You shall give pleasure to him who wears You.
You shall make an Akh of him who wears You.
You shall cause him to have power in his body.
You shall put the dread of him in the eyes of all the Akhs who shall look at him and everyone who shall hear his name (as well).

53
(78)
Libyan oil

O Osiris King Unas, I bring to You the Eye of Horus, which he has taken to your brow.
-first quality Libyan oil-


4. Presentation of Eyepaint


54
(79)
paint

To say the words four times :
O Osiris King Unas, the Eye of Horus has been painted sound on your face.
-a bag of green eye-paint, a bag of black eye-paint-


5. Presentation of Linen

55
(81)
linen

May You awake in peace !
Awake, Ta'it, in peace !
Awake, You of Ta'it-town, in peace !
-two roles of linen-
The Eye of Horus in Dep, in peace !
The Eye of Horus in the Mansions of the Red Crown, in peace !
You who receive the working <women>,
You who adorn the Great One of the carrying-chair,
and cause the Two Lands to bow to this King Unas,
like they bow to Horus,
and cause the Two Lands to dread King Unas,
like they dread Seth.

May You sit in front of King Unas in his divinity,
open his path at the head of the Akhs,
that he may stand at the head of the Akhs like Anubis,
at the fore of the Westerners.

Forward !
To the front, with Osiris !


6. Libation & Cleansing


56 (25)  censing Ka-rite

Someone has gone with his Ka.
Horus has gone with his Ka.
Seth has gone with his Ka.
Thoth has gone with his Ka.

To say the words four times :
-burning incense-
"The god has gone with his Ka.
Osiris goes with his Ka.
Eyes-Forward has gone with his Ka.
You also have gone with your Ka."

O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is behind You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is behind You !

O Osiris King Unas, I have given You the Eye of Horus !
May your face be adorned with it !
May the perfume of the Eye of Horus diffuse over You !


57 (32) pouring of libation under the feet

This is your libation, Osiris.

This is your libation, O King Unas, have gone forth -libation & two pellets of natron- to your son, have gone forth to Horus.

I have come and I bring You the Eye of Horus, that your heart may be refreshed with it. I bring it to You under your feet.

Take the outflow that comes out from You. Your heart will not be weary with it.

To say the words four times :
"Come, (for) You have been invoked !"


III Offering Banquet

1. Preparation of the Offering Table


58 (82)

Thoth came with it to him.
He has come forth to him with the Eye of Horus.
-an offering table-

59 (83)

Give him the Eye of Horus, that he may become satisfied with it.
-O come with the king's offering !-

60 (84)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus with which he became satisfied.
-the king's offering, twice-


61
(85)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and be satisfied with it.
-two offering slabs of the broad hall
-

62
(86)

To say the words :
Cause it to turn back to You !
-Sit down ! Be silent ! the King's invocation-offering-


63
(87)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and absorb it into your mouth.
-the mouth-washing meal, 1 loaf of bread, 1 jug of beer-


64
(88)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, prevent him from trampling it.
-1 loaf of trampled bread-


65
(89)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he pulled out.
-1 bowl of pulled bread-

66
(90)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus,
for little is that which Seth has eaten of it.
-1 jar of strong ale-


67
(91)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they have <reft> from him.
-
1 jar of Henemes-drink-

68 (92)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, lift it to your face.
-the lifting up of 1 loaf of bread and 1 Henet-bowl of beer-

69
(93)

Lift up your face, O Osiris.
Lift up your face, O King Unas, whose Akh goes !
Lift up your face, O King Unas, be strong and effective.
Look at what has come from You,
striking the one who is netted in it.
Wash yourself King Unas, and
part your mouth with the Eye of Horus.
You shall summon your Ka as Osiris,
and he shall protect You from every wrath of the dead.
King Unas, take to yourself this bread of yours, which is the Eye of Horus.

70
(94)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus with which You have <refreshed> yourself.
-a Shenes-loaf-

71 (95)

Provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes from You.
-a jug of beer-

72
(96)

O Osiris King Unas, take the one of the shank, the Eye of Horus.
-1 bowl with a shank of meat-

2. Cleansing the mouth


73
(108)

O Osiris King Unas, gather to yourself the water that is in it.
-2 bowls of water-


74
(109)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which cleansed his mouth.
-2 bowls of cleansing natron-

75
(110)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, gather it to your mouth.
-the mouth-washing meal, 1 loaf of bread, 1 jug of beer-

3. Bread & Onions


76
(111)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which Seth trampled.
-1 loaf of trampled bread-

77
(112)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he pulled out.
-1 bowl of pulled bread
-

78
(113)

O Osiris King Unas, acquire what should be on You.
-2 loaves of Hetj-bread
-

79
(114)

O Osiris King Unas, I bring to You what {resembles} your face.
-2 loaves of cone bread-


80 (115)

O Osiris King Unas, I have set your Eye in place.
-4 loaves of taste bread
-

81
(116)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus !
Prevent him from suffering because of it.
-4 loaves of flat beer bread
-


BURIAL-CHAMBER / North Wall
register 3 : 117 - 171


82 (117)

O Osiris King Unas, receive what should be on You.
To say the words four times :
-4 loaves of Shenes bread-

83 (118)

O Osiris King Unas, take your Eye, take possession of it.
To say the words four times :
-a bowl with 4 loaves of in the Earth bread-

84 (119)
 

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he <carried off>.
-a bowl of 4 Henefu-breads-

85 (120)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, do not let it <spring up>.
-a bowl of 4 Hebennet-breads-

86 (121)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he has pulled out.
-a bowl of 4 wheat breads-

87 (122)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, put for You in your mouth.
-a bowl of 4 truncated Idetet-breads-

88 (123)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, your bread-loaf and eat.
-4 bread loaves-

89 (124)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he has pulled out.
-a bowl of 4 pieces of roast meat-

90 (125)

O Osiris King Unas, I bring to You his white, sound teeth.
-a bowl of 4 onions-

4. Beef & Poultry

91 (126)

O Osiris King Unas, here is the one who stole the Eye of Horus.
-1 bowl with a foreleg-

92 (127)

O Osiris King Unas, dance ! Geb will not do wrong to his heir who inherits.
-1 bowl with a haunch-

93 (128)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which You should embrace.
-1 bowl of kidneys
-

94 (129)

O Osiris King Unas, accept the one of the shank, the Eye of Horus.
-1 bowl with a shank of meat-

95 (130)

O Osiris King Unas, take those who rebelled against You.
To say the words four times :
-a bowl of 4 ribs-

96 (131)

O Osiris King Unas, take your <assailant>.
To say the words four times :
-1 bowl of roasted meat-

97 (132)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, go toward it.
-1 bowl of liver-

98 (133)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus against which he went.
-1 bowl of spleen-

99 (134)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which is from his forehead.
-1 bowl of belly meat-

100 (135)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which is from Seth's forehead.
-1 bowl of breast meat-

101 (136)

O Osiris King Unas, take the <severed> heads of the Followers of Seth.
-1 bowl of goose-

102 (137)

O Osiris King Unas, take <all> of this heart.
To say the words four times :
-1 bowl of white-fronted goose-

103 (138)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he has brought.
-1 bowl of duck-

104 (139)

O Osiris King Unas, take the one who came to settle them.
-1 bowl of grey goose
-

105 (140)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus !
Prevent him from having pain in it.
-1 bowl of pigeon-

5. Bread

106 (141)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he pulled out.
-1 loaf of warm bread-

107 (142)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, for it cannot be cut off from You.
-2 loaves of cut bread-

108 (143)

O Osiris King Unas, the Eye of Horus is allotted to You.
-a bowl of 2 loaves of Nepat-bread-

109 (144)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, the water of which he caused to suffer.
-a bowl of
2 loaves of Meset-bread-

6. Drinks

110 (145)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, for little is that which Seth has eaten of it.
-2 bowls of strong ale-

111 (146)

O Osiris King Unas, take the eye of Horus, (for) they come, who have <torn> a piece from it.
-2 bowls of whipped cream-

112 (147)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they <reft> from him.
-2 bowls of Henemes-bear-

113 (148)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of beer-

114 (149)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of date bear-

115 (150)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of Pekh(a)-beer-

116 (151)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of bowland beer-

117 (152)

O Osiris King Unas, take the breast of Horus which they offer.
-2 bowls of fig drink-

118 (153)

O Osiris King Unas, part your mouth with it.
-2 bowls of Delta wine-

119 (154)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they spat out ! Prevent him from swallowing it.
-2 jars of Abesh-wine-

120 (155)

O Osiris King Unas, take the pupil in the Eye of Horus, part your mouth with it.
-2 bowls of Buto wine-

121 (156)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he has fished up, (and) part your mouth with it.
-2 bowls of Mariut wine-

122 (157)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus !
It will not separate itself from You.
-2 bowls of Pelusium wine-

7. Fruits

123 (158)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus as it <springs up>.
-2 bowls of Hebennet-

124 (159)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he <carried off>.
-2 bowls of Khenfu-

125 (160)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he took from Seth.
-2 bowls of Ished-berries-

126 (161)

O Osiris King Unas, take the white Eye of Horus and prevent him from wearing it as a headband.
-2 bowls of white Seshet-

127 (162)

O Osiris King Unas, take the green Eye of Horus and prevent him from wearing it as a headband.
-2 bowls of green Seshet-


128
(163)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and prevent him from tearing it out.
-2 bowls of roasted wheat-

129 (164)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and prevent him from tearing it out.
-2 bowls of roasted barley-

130 (165)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, <it is slipping>.
-2 bowls of Ba(ba)t-

131 (166)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they have licked.
-2 bowls of Sidder fruit-

132 (167)

O Osiris King Unas, open your eyes and see with them.
-2 bowls of Sidder bread-

133 (168)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and prevent him from netting it.
-2 bowls of carob beans-

8. Vegetables

134
(169)

O Osiris King Unas, take the sweet Eye of Horus, return it to yourself.
-2 bowls of all kinds of sweet stalk-

135 (170)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, allot it to yourself.
-2 bowls of all kind of young plant-

9. Dedication of Offerings

136
(171)

O Osiris King Unas, may what You have endure for You with You !
-dedication of the offerings-


III

BURIAL-CHAMBER / South Wall (213 - 219)


 VOYAGE TO THE DUAT


The King enters the Duat

137
(213)
 the King on the throne of Osiris

by the priest

O King Unas !
You have not gone away dead !
You have gone away alive !

Sit upon the throne of Osiris.
Your Power-scepter in your hand,
that You may give orders to the living.
Your Lotus-bud scepter in your hand,
that You may give orders to those whose seats are hidden.

Your lower arms are of Atum.
Your upper arms are of Atum.
Your belly is of Atum.
Your back is of Atum.
Your rear is of Atum.
Your legs are of Atum.
Your face is of Anubis.
The Mounds of Horus shall serve You.
The Mounds of Seth shall serve You.


138 (214) at the Head of the Westerners

by the priest


O King Unas, beware of the Lake (of Fire) !
-to say the words four times-

The messengers of your Ka come for You.
The messengers of your father come for You.
The messengers of Re come for You, (saying) : "Go after your Sun and cleanse yourself, for your bones are those of the divine falcon-goddesses who are in the sky. May You be beside the god. May You leave your house and ascend to your son."

May You <fetter> anyone who shall speak evilly against the name of King Unas !
Go up, for Geb has committed him to a low estate in the town of the pregnant one, so that he may flee and sink down weary.

But You shall bathe in the cool water of the stars !
You shall board (the Sunboat) upon ropes of iron, on the shoulders of Horus in his name of "Him who is in Sokar's boat". The Sun-folk will cry out to You once the Imperishable Stars have raised You aloft.

Ascend to the place where your father is, to the place where Geb is, that he will give You that which is on the brow of Horus, so that You shall come an Akh thereby, take control thereby and that You shall be at the head of the Westerners thereby.

The King is protected in the Duat by Atum


139 (215) healing the Rivals and becoming completed (an Atum) to every god

by the priest

O King Unas, your messengers have gone, your heralds have run to your father, to Atum (to say for You) :

"Atum, raise him up to You, enclose him within your arms.
There is no star-god who has no companion : I am your companion.

Look at me, as You have seen the shapes of the children of their fathers, who know their spell, who are Imperishable Stars ! See (in me) the two who are in the Palace - that is, Horus and Seth.

Spit on the face of Horus for him, that You may remove the injury against him ! Pick up the testicles of Seth, that You may remove his mutilation. That one has been born for You, this one has been conceived for You, for You have given birth to Horus, in his name of 'Him at whom the Earth quakes and the sky trembles'. This one has no mutilation, that one has no injury. That one has no injury, this one has no mutilation. You (Unas) have no injury, You have no mutilation."

You have been born, O Horus, for Osiris, and You have more Ba than he. You have more power than he. You have been conceived, O Seth, for Geb, and You have more Ba than he. You have more power than he.

There is no own seed of a god that has gone (from life), and You, his own, will not go. Re-Atum will not give You to Osiris, and he will not claim your mind, nor have power over your heart. Re-Atum will not give You to Horus, and he will not claim your mind, nor have power over your heart.

O Osiris, You cannot control him, your son cannot control him !
O Horus, You shall never have power over him, nor shall your father have power over him !

You belong, So-and-so, to that god of whom the Twin Children of Atum said :
"You are distinguished", say they, "in your identity of a god".

You shall become completed to every god ! :
your head is Horus of the Duat, O Imperishable Star.
your face is Eyes-Forward, O Imperishable Star.
your ears are the Twin Children of Atum, O Imperishable Star.
your eyes are the Twin Children of Atum, O Imperishable Star.
your nose is the Jackal, O Imperishable Star.
your teeth are Sopdu, O Imperishable Star.
Your hands are {Hapy} and Duamutef.
When You demand to ascend to the sky, You ascend !
Your feet are Imseti and Qebsenuf.
When You demand to descend to the Lower Sky, You descend !
Your limbs are the Twin Children of Atum, O Imperishable Star.
You will not perish, your Ka will not perish : You are a Ka !

The Midnight Mystery


140 (216) King Unas in the Nightboat of the Sun, encircled by the Duat

by the King


To say the words :
I have come to You, O Nephthys !
I have come to You, O Nightboat !
I have come to You, O Pilot-covered-in-Red !
I have come to You, O Place-where-the Kas-are-remembered !
May You remember me, this King Unas !

Orion has become encircled by the Duat,
as the Living One became pure in the horizon.
Sothis has become encircled by the Duat,
as the Living One became pure in the horizon.
I, this King Unas, has become encircled by the Duat,
as the Living One became pure in the horizon.

I have become Akh for them !
I have grown cool for them !
Inside the arms of my father,
inside the arms of Atum !

141 (217) King Unas gathering with Atum in darkness

by the priest


To say the words :
Re-Atum, this King Unas has come to You, an imperishable Akh, Lord of <the Affairs> of the Place of the Four Papyrus Pillars. Your son has come to You, this King Unas has come to You. You shall both traverse the sky, after gathering in the darkness (of the Duat) ! May You rise from the horizon, from the place in which You have both become Akh !

Seth and Nephthys, go, and proclaim to the gods of the Nile Valley as well as their Akhs : "This King Unas has come, an imperishable Akh. If he wishes You to die, You will die ! If he wishes You to live, You will live !"

Re-Atum, this King Unas has come to You, an imperishable Akh, Lord of <the Affairs> of the Place of the Four Papyrus Pillars. Your son has come to You, this King Unas has come to You. You shall both traverse the sky, after gathering in the darkness (of the Duat) ! May You rise from the horizon, from the place in which You have both become Akh !

Osiris and Isis, go, and proclaim to the gods of Lower Egypt and their Akhs : "This King Unas has come, an imperishable Akh, as one to be worshipped, (Osiris) who is in charge of the inundation. Worship him, You Akhs who are in the waters ! Whom he wishes to live will live ! Whom he wishes to die will die !"

Re-Atum, this King Unas has come to You, an imperishable Akh, Lord of <the Affairs> of the Place of the Four Papyrus Pillars. Your son has come to You, this King Unas has come to You. You shall both traverse the sky, after gathering in the darkness (of the Duat) ! May You rise from the horizon, from the place in which You have both become Akh !

Thoth, go, and proclaim to gods of the West and their Akhs : "This King Unas has come indeed, an imperishable Akh, arrayed on the neck as Anubis at the head of the Western Mountain, that he may claims minds, he control hearts. Whom he wishes to live will live ! Whom he wishes to die will die !"

Re-Atum, this King Unas has come to You, an imperishable Akh, Lord of <the Affairs> of the Place of the Four Papyrus Pillars. Your son has come to You, this King Unas has come to You. You shall both traverse the sky, after gathering in the darkness (of the Duat) ! May You rise from the horizon, from the place in which You have both become Akh !

Horus, go, and proclaim to Bas of the East and their Akhs : "This King Unas has come indeed, an imperishable Akh. Whom he wishes to live will live ! Whom he wishes to die will die !"

O Re-Atum, your son has come to You, King Unas has come to You. Raise him up to You, enclose him in your arms, for he is the son of your body for ever !

Osirian rebirth of the King

142 (218) King Unas presented to Osiris and empowered

by the priest


To say the words :
O Osiris, this King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh. He will claim minds, take away Kas and bestow Kas as what he reckons, including whomever he summons to his side or appeals to him. There is none who will be excluded without his bread, without his Kas bread, deprived of his bread.

Geb has spoken and it has come from the mouth of the Ennead : "O falcon who succeeds (his father) in acquiring (the throne)", they said : "You are a Ba and in control !"

This King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh, who surpassed You and surpasses You, wearier than You and greater than You, sounder than You and more acclaimed than You, and your time here is no more. It is what Seth and Thoth have done, your two brothers who do not mourn You.

Isis and Nephthys, come together, come together ! Unite, unite ! This King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh.

The Westerners who are on Earth belong to this King Unas : this King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh.

The Easterners who are on Earth belong to this King Unas : this King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh.

The Southerners who are on Earth belong to this King Unas : this King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh.

The Northerners who are on Earth belong to this King Unas : this King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh.

Those who are in the Lower Sky belong to this King Unas : this King Unas has come indeed, the <fledgling> of the Ennead, an imperishable Akh.

143 (219) Litany of identification with the Living Osiris (King Unas)

by the priest


To say the words :
Atum, this Osiris here is your son, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Shu, this Osiris here is your son, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Tefnut, this Osiris here is your son, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Geb, this Osiris here is your son, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Nut, this Osiris here is your son, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Isis, this Osiris here is your brother, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Seth, this Osiris here is your brother, who has been caused to be restored that he may live and punish You :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Nephthys, this Osiris here is your brother, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Thoth, this Osiris here is your brother, who has been caused to be restored that he may live and punish You :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Horus, this Osiris here is your father, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Great Ennead, this one here is Osiris, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Lesser Ennead, this one here is Osiris, whom You have caused to be restored that he may live :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Nunet, this Osiris here is your son, of whom You said : "Someone has been born to me.", You said, and You wiped his mouth for him after his mouth had been parted by his beloved son Horus and his limbs numbered by the gods :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in Heliopolis, who endures in his necropolis :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in Busiris, chief of his nomes :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in the Mansion of Selket, the Ka At Rest :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in the divine booth, who is in the censing, the one of the coffer, the chest and the sack :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of him who is in the White Palace of Laurel wood :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in Orion, with your season in the sky and your season on Earth :

O Osiris, turn your face and look on this King Unas, for your seed which issued from You is effective :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in Buto, may your arms be about the meal, your daughter,


IV

BURIAL-CHAMBER / East Wall (219 - 224)


CORONATION - RETURN


143 (219) Litany of identification with the Living Osiris (continued)

provide yourself with it :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in the Mansion of the Eldest of Bulls, may your arms be about the meal, your daughter, provide yourself with it :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in Hermopolis of the South, may your arms be about the meal, your daughter, provide yourself with it :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in Hermopolis of the North, may your arms be about the meal, your daughter, provide yourself with it :

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

In your name of Dweller in the Town of Lakes. What You have eaten, an Eye, your belly shall grow round from it, your son Horus releasing it for You (so) that You may live from it.

He lives ! This King Unas lives ! He is not dead ! This King Unas lives ! He is not destroyed ! This King Unas is not destroyed ! He has not been judged ! This King Unas has not been judged ! He judges. This King Unas judges !

Your body is the body of this King Unas, your flesh is the flesh of this King Unas, your bones are the bones of this King Unas : You will go (from life) should this King Unas go. Should this King Unas go, You will go !

Service of the Crown

144
(220) opening of the shrine

The doors of the horizon has been opened, its bolts have drawn back.

by the priest to the crown

He has come to You, Red Crown !
He has come to You, Fiery Serpent !
He has come to You, Great One !
He has come to You, Great of Magic, pure for You and fearing You !

May You be pleased with him, may You be pleased with his purity, and may You be pleased with his speech when he says to You : "How fine You look, content, renewed, and rejuvenated, for the god who is the father of the gods has given You birth !"

He has come to You, Great of Magic : he is Horus, encircled by the protection of his Eye, the Great of Magic !

145
(221) opening of the shrine

prayer by the King

O Red Crown !
O Curl !
O Great Crown !
O Crown Great of Magic !
O Fiery Serpent !

Grant that the dread of me be like the dread of You !
Grant that the fear of me be like the fear of You !
Grant that the acclaim of me be like the acclaim of You !
Grant that the love of me be like the love of You !
Set my Aba-scepter at the head of the living, (set) my {Power-scepter} at the head of the Akhs, and grant that my sword prevails over my foes.

O Curl !
{You} have emerged {in me, so have I emerged in You.}

reply by the Red Crown

The Great Thing {has given You birth},
the Firstborn's Cobra Goddess Thing has adorned You,
the Firstborn's Cobra Goddess Thing has given You birth,
the Great Thing {has adorned You},
for You are Horus, encircled by the protection of his Eye !

Commendations to Re


146 (222) joining the ongoing circuit of Re

by the priest

To say the words :

You shall stand up on it, this Earth {which issued from Atum, this spittle}, which issued from Kheprer. Evolve on it, become exalted on it, and your father will see You, Re will see You !

prayer by the King

I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Re.
I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Downcast.
I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Fertilizer.
I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Rager.
I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Great Wild Bull.
I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Great Reedfloat-user.
I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Sopdu.
I have come to You, my father, I have come to You, O Sharp-teeth.
Grant that I, King Unas, may seize the Cool Waters and receive the horizon.
Grant that I may rule the Nine and provide for the Ennead.
Place the Crook in my hand, that the head of the Delta and the Nile Valley may be bowed.

I charge my opponent and stand up over the Great One as his greater,
(as) the one Nephthys has blessed, for I have captured my opponent, (saying) :

"You have provide yourself with the Great of Magic, (as) Seth dwelling in Ombos, Lord of Upper Egypt. Nothing has been is lost to You, nothing has been <wanting> to You. For see, You are more Ba and more in control than the gods of Upper Egypt and their Akhs, You whom the Pregnant One ejected, and You have <illumined> the night, equipped as Seth, whose raw (testicles) were pulled off."
(As) one Isis has blessed, (saying) :
"You have provided yourself as Horus the Youthful ! Indeed, nothing is lost to You, nothing has <ceased> for You ! For see, You are more Ba and more in control than the gods of the North and their Akhs."

by the priest

Cast off your impurity for Atum in {Heliopolis and go down with him.} Assign the <needs> of the Lower Sky and succeed to the thrones of Nun.
You shall come into being with your father Atum, You shall go up on high with your father Atum, You shall rise with your father Atum, and may (your) <needs> be released from You.
Head to (Nut), the Lady of Heliopolis in the sedan chair. Go up, open your way by means of the bones of Shu, that the inside of your mother Nut's arms may enfold You.
You shall become pure in the horizon and get rid of your impurity in the Lakes of Shu.

Ascend and descend !
Descend with Re, one of the dusk with the One Who Was Cast Down.
Ascend and descend !
Ascend with Re, rise with the Great Float-user.
Ascend and descend !
Descend with Nephthys, sink into darkness with the Nightboat.
Ascend and descend !
Ascend with Isis, rise with the Dayboat.

You shall have power over your body, for You have no hindrance.
Having been born to (be) Horus, and conceived to (be) Seth.
Having become pure in the Western nome, having received your purification in the Bubastite nome with your father, with Atum.

You have come into being, You have gone up on high, and You have become effective. It has become pleasant for You inside your father's arms, inside Atum's arms.

Atum, elevate this King Unas to You, encircle him inside your arms, for he is your son of your body, forever.

Calling the King to return from the Duat

147 (223) the King is called back

by the priest

Hey !
Turn around !
Ah ! Ah !

O King Unas !
Stand up and sit down to a thousand of bread, a thousand of beer, roast meat, your rib-meat from the slaughterhouse, and pulled bread from the broad hall.
As the god is provided with a divine offering, King Unas is provided with this his bread.
You have come to your Ba, Osiris, Ba among the Akhu, in control in his places, whom the Ennead tend in the Mansion of the Prince.

O King Unas !
Elevate yourself up to me, betake yourself toward me :
do not be far from me, tomb-dweller, and turn toward me.
I have given You the Eye of Horus.
I have allotted it to You, may it <endure> for You with You.

O King Unas !
Arise, receive this your bread from my hand !
O King Unas !
I will be an attendant for You !

148 (224) happy & changed

by the priest

To say the words :
Hey, You King Unas !
Turn about, You King Unas !
You have gone, that You may govern the Mounds of Horus !
You have gone, that You may govern the Mounds of Seth !
You have gone, that You may govern the Mounds of Osiris !

An offering which the King grants to all your insignia wherever You may be : your Lotus-bud sceptre at the head of the living, your staff at the head of the Akhs, as Anubis at the fore of the Westerners, as Andjeti at the fore of the eastern nomes.

How happy is your condition as You become Akh, O King Unas, among your brothers the gods !
How changed !
How changed, You whom your child tended.
Beware of your limit in the Earth.

"Put on your body and come to them !"
-four times-


V

BURIAL-CHAMBER / East Gable
(204 - 205, 207, 209, 210 - 212)


FOODSPELLS TO REPLENISH THE KING AS A LIVING HORUS


The King eats the food of the gods

149
(204) nourishment by Osiris

by the priest

The hoers rejoice, the heart of those who cleanse the breast became fully uplifted, when they swallowed the Eye of Horus, the healthy one which is in Heliopolis.

The little finger of King Unas, pulls out what is in the navel of Osiris.
King Unas will not thirst, he will not hunger : it will not be against the heart of King Unas. His arms drive away his hunger.

Become awash (with joy) !
Make the hearts full !

150 (205) the Great Bull cared for today

by the priest

To say the words :
O You who preside over the baked foods.
O You who belong to the flood.
Commend King Unas to Fetekte, the cupbearer of Re, whom Re has commended to himself, that Re may commend him to the one in charge of provisioning for this year, that they may seize barley and give him beer, that they may grasp emmer and give him bread.

For to King Unas, his father is the one who gave barley and beer, Re is the one who gave emmer and bread.

For he is the Great Bull who smote Kenzet.
For King Unas is he who has the five portions of bread, drink and cakes in the enclosure : a triad is for the sky with Re and a pair is for the Earth with the Two Enneads.
He belongs to the one who was set loose : he is the one who was let loose. He belongs to the one who is seen : he is the one who is seen.

O Re, it is better with him today than yesterday !
For King Unas has mated with moisture.
King Unas has kissed dryness.
King Unas has joined with fertility.
King Unas has copulated with the young girl of his care when grain and <fluids> were absent, and the young girl of the care of King Unas is the one who will give bread to King Unis and make it better for him today.

151 (207) King Unas calls to the Eye for a meal

by the King

To say the words :
A meal for me, O knife-sharpener !
A meal for me, O knife-sharpener !
A meal, You in Re's Eye !
A meal for me, You with access to (Re's) boat, You in the God's-Eye (boat) !
O cupbearer, bring water !
Light the fire (for) a joint among the roast meat !
-4 handfuls of water-


152 (209) King Unas is provided with bread

by the priest

To say the words :
Shu is fresh !
King Unas does not acquire his things.
King Unas is fresh !
Shu does not acquire his things.

The eastern fetchers shall repeat :
"It is your bread."

153 (210) King Unas is protected against inversion

by the King

To say the words :
Awake, O Parter !
Be high, O Thoth !
Awake, You sleepers !
Rise up, You dwellers in Kenzet, who are before the Great Heron that comes from the {garden}, Path-Parter who comes from the tamarisk.

My mouth is pure, the Two Enneads have censed me, and pure indeed is this tongue which is in my mouth.

What I, King Unas, detest is faeces.
I reject urine.
I detest my own abomination.
What I detest is these two : I will never eat the abomination of these two, just as Seth rejects the two <companions> that cross the sky.

Re and Thoth, take me with You, that I, King Unas, may eat of what You eat, that I may drink of what You drink, that I may live on what You live on, that I may sit on what You sit on, that I may be strong through that whereby You are strong, that I may sail in that in which You sail.

My pavilion is plaited with reeds, my drink-supply is in the Field of Offerings, my food-offerings are among You, gods ; my water is wine like that of Re, and I go round the sky like Re, I traverse the sky like Thoth.

154 (211) King Unas is the source of food

by the King

To say the words :
My detestation is hunger, and I, King Unas will never eat it !
My detestation is thirst, and I will never drink it !

It is indeed I who will give bread to those who exist, for my foster-mother is the milk-goddess, and she will make it possible for me to live it is indeed she who bore me.

I was conceived in the night.
I was born in the night.
I belong to the Followers of Re,
who are before the Morning Star.
I was conceived in Nun.
I was born in Nun.
I have come and I have brought to You the bread of those I found there !

155 (212) King Unas eats & drinks what Horus lives on

by the King

To say the words :
The Eye of Horus drips on the bush of the Denu-plant and Foremost of the Westerners came for it, having fetched provisions to Horus, foremost of the houses.
What he (Horus) lives on, I, King Unas live on !
What he eats of, I eat of !
What he drinks of, I drink of !
A joint of roast meat, that is my offering !


PASSAGEWAY :

OFFERINGS - TO AKHET (VI)


VI

PASSAGEWAY / North Wall
(199, 32, 23, 25, 200)


OFFERING OF OFFERINGS : WATER, FIRE, KAS


156 (199) reversion of offerings

by the priest

O Osiris King Unas, {turn yourself to this your bread, accept it from me.}

To say the words four times :
"May the Eye of Horus {endure} with You."
{the reversion} of divine offering-

157 (32) pouring of libation under the feet

by the priest

This is your libation, Osiris.

This is your libation, O King Unas, have gone forth -libation & two pellets of natron- to your son, have gone forth to Horus.

I have come and I bring You the Eye of Horus, that your heart may be refreshed with it. I bring it to You under your feet.

Take the outflow that comes out from You. Your heart will not be weary with it.

To say the words four times :
"Come, (for) You have been invoked !"

158 (23) purification by water

by the priest

Osiris, seize all those who hate King Unas -pour water- and who speak evil against his name. Thoth, go, seize him for Osiris. Bring him who speaks evil against the name of King Unas. Put him in your hand.

To say the words four times :
"Do not let go of him !
Beware, do not let go of him !"
-pour water-

159 (25) censing Ka-rite

by the priest

Someone has gone with his Ka.
Horus has gone with his Ka.
Seth has gone with his Ka.
Thoth has gone with his Ka.

O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is behind You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is behind You !

O Osiris King Unas, I have given You the Eye of Horus !
May your face be adorned with it !
May the perfume of the Eye of Horus diffuse over You !

160 (200) glorification of the incense as the Eye of Horus

by the priest

Salutations to You, incense !
Salutations to You, brother of the god !
Salutations to You, Great So-and-so in the limbs of Horus !

You of great purity, spread yourself in your identity of the cake (of incense) :
let your scent be on King Unas and purify King Unas.
O Eye of Horus, be high and great toward King Unas !
-incense-


PASSAGEWAY / South Wall (244 - 246) :

TOWARDS THE THRESHOLD OF THE AKHET


161 (244) smashing the vessels of offering

by the priest

This is the {firm} Eye of {Horus} !
It has been set for You that You may become strong and he may become afraid of You !
-smashing the redware-

162 (245) the King is a star escaping Osiris

by the King

I, King Unas, have come to You, O Nut !
I have come to You, O Nut, having left my father on Earth, having left Horus behind me, having grown wings as a falcon, feathered as a hawk, my Ba having fetched him, his magic having equipped me.

by Nut

(O King Unas), You shall split open your place in the sky among the stars of the sky, for You are the Lone Star, the companion of Hu. May You look down upon the head of Osiris as he governs the Akhs, while You yourself stand far from him.

You are not of them and You will not be of them !

163 (246) standing at the door of the horizon

by the priest

This King Unas stance as a ram with two wild-bull horns on his head has been seen. For You are a black ram, (King Unas), the son of a black ewe, whom a white ewe bore and four teats suckled.

Blue-eyed Horus has come against You (gods) : beware of red-eyed Horus ! The one with painful wrath - his Ba cannot be barred !

His messengers have gone, his couriers have run, and they bear tidings to the One with sweeping shoulders in the East : "The one of yours has gone, of whom the god says that he will govern the gods' fathers. The gods shall grow silent for You, the Ennead having put their hands to their mouth, before this one of yours, of whom the god says that he will govern the gods' fathers."

Stand at the doors of the horizon, (King Unas), open the doors of the Cool Waters, and stand at the head, like Geb at the fore of his Ennead.

They go in, they will smite down evil.
They come out, they will lift up their face and see You as Min at the head of the Two Shrines.

Someone has stood up behind You, (Re) : your brother has stood up behind You, the one You summoned has stood up behind You.
You will not perish, (King Unas) !
You will not cease !
Your name will <endure> among men,
even as your name comes to be with the gods !


ANTECHAMBER :

HORUS REBIRTH (VII & VIII) - TO THE SKY (IX - X)
ARRIVAL IN HEAVEN (XI) - PROTECTION (XII)


VII

ANTECHAMBER / West Gable (247 - 253)


OSIRIS KING UNAS IS SOLAR


Osiris King emerges from the Duat

164
(247) Osiris king Unas awakened by Horus

by the priest

To say the words :
"Your son Horus has done this for You !"

The Great Ones will tremble,
having seen the knife which is in your hand,
when You ascend from the Duat !

Greetings to You, O Wise One !
Geb has created You !
The Ennead has borne You !

Horus has become pleased with his father !
Atum has become pleased with his years !
The gods of East and West have become pleased with the great thing which came into being in his embrace : the birth of the god !

by Horus

O King Unas, O King Unas, see !
O King Unas, O King Unas, look !
O King Unas, O King Unas, hear !
O King Unas, O King Unas, be (there) !
O King Unas, O King Unas, raise yourself from your side !

So do as I command !
You who hate sleep, but who were made limp.
Arise, You in Nedit !
Your good bread has been prepared in Pe !
Take your control of Heliopolis !

It is Horus (who speaks), having been commanded to help his father.
As for the Lord of Storm,
the one with spittle near him, Seth -
he will bear You : he is the one who will bear Atum !

The true destiny of the King is Solar

165
(248)
King Unas' stellar destiny revealed

by the priest

To say the words :
King Unas is a Great One !
King Unas has come out between the thighs of the Ennead.
King Unas was conceived by Sekhmet, and Shezmetet bore the King,
a star with a sharp front and far-travelling,
who brings what the above has for Re daily.
King Unas has come to his throne with the Two Ladies on it.
King Unas has appeared as a star.

166 (249) the Living Horus is the Solar Child Nefertem

by the King

To say the words :
O You two fighters, tell the Noble One, whoever he may be, that I, King Unas, am this water-lily which sprang up clean from the Earth.
I have been received by him who prepared my throne.
I am at the nose of the controlling power.
I have come from the Island of Fire.
I have set Maat in it in the place of disorder.
I am on my way to the linen garments which the Uraei guard on the night of the great flood which came forth from the great goddess.
I appear as Nefertem, as the water-lily at the nose of Re, as he emerges from the horizon daily, the one at the sight of whom the gods become cleansed !

167 (250) the King as understanding and wisdom in the Sunboat

by the priest

To say the words :
This is King Unas who is in charge of Kas, who unites hearts for the Great One in charge of wisdom, the one who bears the divine scroll - Sia, at the West of Re.

by the King

I, King Unas, have come to my throne which is in charge of Kas.
I will join minds, You in charge of wisdom, (being) great !
I will become Sia who bears the divine scroll,
who is at the West of Re, tended by my hand.
I say what is on the mind of the Great One on the Festival of the Red Linen.

That is King Unas, I am Sia who is at the West of Re,
<reserved> of heart,
at the fore of the Cavern of Nun.

Final goodbye to the Duat

168
(251)
address of the King to the stars & gods of the Duat

by the King

To say the words :
O You who are in charge of the hours, who precede Re, make way for me so that I, King Unas, may pass within the Circuit of Warlike-Face.

I am off to this throne of mine, foremost of thrones, (as) one who is behind the <great> god, with a set head adorned with a sharp strong antelope horn, as one who carries a sharp knife which cuts throats, (a horn) that removes strife from the head of the bull and makes those in darkness quiver, a strong horn behind the great god.

I have subdued those who were caught, I have smitten their heart.
My arm cannot be opposed in the horizon.

The King merges with Re

169
(252)
the King united with Re

by the priest

To say the words :
Lift up your face, You gods in the Duat,
for King Unas has come
that You might see him changed into the great god.

King Unas is ushered in trembling.
King Unas is robed as Lord of You All !
King Unas will govern the people.
King Unas will judge the living within the shore of Re.
King Unas will speak with Him who judged between the two gods at the clean shore in which he has made his dwelling.
King Unas has (the icon of) power on his head.
King Unas wields the Ames-staff and it causes respect for King Unas.
King Unas will sit with the rower of the bark of Re.
When King Unas commands what is good, he will do it.
King Unas is the great god.

The Duat purified the King

170
(253)
the title of the King lifted up by Shu

by the priest

To say the words :
Someone has become clean in the Field of Reeds !
Re has become clean in the Field of Reeds.

Someone has become clean in the Field of Reeds !
This King Unas has become clean in the Field of Reeds.
The title of this King Unas is given by Re.
O Nut, take his title !
O Shu, lift it up !
O Shu, lift it up !


VIII

ANTECHAMBER / West Wall (254 - 258 & 260)


THE HORUS-KING ACQUIRES THE HORIZON


The King as Horus of the South (Hierakonpolis)

171 (254) Horus the King confirmed at the entrance of the horizon

by the priest

The Great One will be censed for the Bull of Nekhen, and
the flame of the blast will be toward You who are around the shrine.

by the King

O great god whose name is unknown !
A meal in place for the Sole Lord !
O Lord of the Horizon, make ready a place for me, King Unas !
For if You fail to make ready a place for me, I will lay a curse on my father Geb, (saying) : "The Earth will speak no more. Geb has no <guard>."
Whoever I find in my way, I will devour.
The pelican will prophesy !
The Sunshine bird will go up !
The Great One will arise !
The Enneads will speak (saying) :
"The Earth being entirely dammed up, for the mountain ranges on either side of the river have been joined together and the river-banks have been united, the roads have been made impassable to travellers, and the slopes have been destroyed for those who would go up !"

by the god with the great plow

The rope has been guided, the <beaten path> crossed and the ball struck at the mouth of the Apis's canal.

Oho ! Your fields are in fear, You Climbing Star, before the Pillar of the Stars, for they have seen the Pillar of Kenzet, the Bull of the Sky, and the Oxherd shall be overwhelmed upon its stem.

Oho ! Fear and trembling shall descend upon the Knife-Bearers before the storm of the sky, for he has parted the Earth by means of what he knew, on the day when he wished to come - so says the god with the great plow who is in the midst of the Duat.

by the Beautiful West

See, she comes to meet You, the goddess of the Beautiful West, meeting You with her lovely tresses !

She says: "Here comes he whom I gave birth, whose horn is upstanding, eye-painted pillar, the Bull of the Sky ! Your shape is notable ! Pass in peace, for I have protected You." - so says the Beautiful West to King Unas.

by Thighs-Forward

"Go, row to the Field of Offerings and travel to Him who is on his high tree.", so says Thighs-Forward. "You plow into the Earth to your thickness, to your middle, to your shoulders. You shall see Re in his fetters, You shall praise Re in his loosing from fetters by means of the aegis of the Great One, which is in its red linen. The Lord of Peace is giving You your {title}."

by the King

O You apes who cut off heads, I, King Unas, will pass by You in peace, for I have tied my head to my neck, and my neck is on my torso in this my name of Head-Tier, by means of which I tied the head of Apis on that day when the longhorned bull was lassoed.

Since I have allowed them <to eat> from their cups and drink from their inundation, so shall I be protected in the same by those who see me.

The jubilation uraeus, Tefnut of King Unas, who supports Shu, is on her electrum staff, widening my place in Busiris, in Mendes, and in Djedut, erecting dual standards in front of the Great Ones, excavating a pool for me in the Field of Reeds, and confirming my farmland in the Field of Offerings.

I will give judgment between the two contestants in the Great Immersion, for my power is the power of the Eye of Tebi, my strength is the strength of the Eye of Tebi.

I have protected myself from those who would do this against me, who would take away my food from me, who, when it was there, would take my supper from me and who, when it was there, would take the breath from my nose and who would bring to an end my days of life.

My force will be against them, when he is apparent on my shore. Their hearts will fall to my fingers, their entrails are for the denizens of the sky, their red parts are for the denizens of the Earth ! Their heirs are to be poor, their houses to conflagration, and their courtyards to the high Nile !

But my heart is sweet, my heart is sweet, for I am the unique one, the Bull of the Sky, for I have crushed those who would do this against me and have annihilated their survivors.

That which appertains to my throne, (that) which I have taken and lifted up, is this which my father Shu gave me in the presence of Seth !


172 (255) the King subdues the Hateful One

by the priest

To say the words :
The horizon will be censed for Horus of Nekhen !
A meal for the Lords !
The horizon will be censed for Horus of Nekhen !
The flame of <its> blast will be <toward You> who are around the shrine !
The outburst of its blast will be toward You who raise up the Great One !
The horizon will be censed for Horus of Nekhen !
A meal for the Lords !

by the King

{O You Hateful One}, hateful of character and hateful of shape, remove yourself from your place and lay your insignia of rank on the ground for me.

If You do not remove yourself from your place {and lay your insignia of rank on the ground} for me, then I, King Unas, will come, my face being that of this Great One, the Lord of Power who is strong through the injury which was done to him.

I will put {flame in my Eye}, and it will encompass You and set storm among the doers of (evil) deeds, gushing its (fiery) outburst among these primeval ones. I will smite away {the arms of Shu which support the sky} and I will thrust my shoulder into that rampart on which You lean.

The Great One indeed will rise within his shrine {and lay his insignia on the ground for} me, for I have assumed authorative speech and have power through understanding.

173 (256) the King on the throne of Horus

by the King

To say the words :
I, King Unas, have succeeded to Geb !
I have succeeded to Geb !
I have succeeded to Atum !
I am on the throne of Horus the first-born !
His Eye is my strength !
I am protected from what was done against him.
The flaming blast of my Uraeus is that of Renenutet on my head.
I have set the fear of me in their hearts by making strife with them.
I have seen the gods naked and bowing to me in adoration.
Row me, O mother of mine !
Tow me, O abode of mine !
Haul your cable !


174 (257) the King breaks through the canopy of the sky

by the priest

To say the words
:
There is excitement in the sky :
"We saw something new !", say the primeval gods.
O You Ennead, Horus is in the Sunlight !
Let the Lords of Forms terrorize for him.
Let Atum's Dual Ennead serve him as he sits on the throne of the Lord of All.

King Unas will acquire the sky, and cleave its iron.
King Unas will lead <on> the roads to Kheprer.
When King Unas rests in life in the West,
those of the Duat attend him.
When King Unas shines anew in the East,
he who settled the dispute will come to him bowing.

The gods will terrorize for King Unas,
since he is older than the Great One and belongs to the control of his throne.
King Unas will assume authorative speech.
Eternity shall be brought to him.
Understanding shall be placed for him at his feet.
Haul (the sky-boat) for King Unas,
for he has acquired the horizon.

The King as a Living Osiris

175 (258) the Horus King is an Osiris headed to the sky of Re

by the priest

To say the words :
King Unas is Osiris in a dust-devil.
Earth is his detestation !
King Unas will not enter into Geb, lest his bones perish and lest he sleep in his mansion upon Earth ; his bones are {made strong}, his ills are removed.
King Unas has become pure through the Eye of Horus.
His ill has been removed by the two Kites of Osiris.
King Unas has shed his outflow to Earth in Qus.

It is his sister (Wadjet), the Lady of Pe, who laments him, (saying) :
"King Unas goes to the sky !
King Unas goes to the sky !
On the wind !
On the wind !
He shall not be turned away, and there is none who will turn away from him.
He shall not sit in the tribunal of the god."

King Unas is the one who is <on his own>, the eldest of the gods : his bread-offering is for above with Re, his feast is from Nun !
King Unas is the one who goes to and fro, coming and going with Re and embracing his mansions.
King Unas will bestow Kas and take away Kas.
He will impose an obstacle and remove an obstacle.
King Unas will spend day and night appeasing the Two Adzes (Horus & Seth) in Hermopolis.
His foot will not be opposed, his heart cannot be barred.

The King is a Living Horus

176
(260)
the King is a Living Horus vindicated by the Two Truths

by the King

To say the words :
O Geb ! Bull of Nut !
I, King Unas, am Horus, the heir of my father.
I have gone and came back, the fourth of these four gods who have brought water, who have administered purification,


IX

ANTECHAMBER / South Wall (260 - 263, 267 - 272)


ON HIS WAY TO THE SKY


176 (260) the King is a Living Horus vindicated by the Two Truths (continued)

who have rejoiced in the strength of their fathers, one who desires to be vindicated by what he has done.

For judgment between the orphan and the orphaness has been made for me. The Two Truths have heard (the case), while Shu was witness and the Two Truths commanded that the thrones of Geb revert to me, so that I raise myself to what I have desired, my limbs -which were in concealment- join, I unite those who are in Nun and put a stop to the affair in Heliopolis.

Now that I go forth today in the real form of a living Akh, I shall break up the fight and punish strife. I have come forth for Maat, (so) that I may bring her, she being with me. Wrath will depart for me and those who are in Nun will assign life to me.

My refuge is my Eye !
My protection is <my> Eye !
My strength is my Eye !
My power is my Eye !

O You southern, northern, western, and eastern gods, honour me and fear me, for I sat down in the <pavilion> of the dual courtyards. That effective uraeus Djenenutet will burn for You, and strike your hearts.

O You who would come against me in obstruction, come to me, come to me !
I am the very person of my father, the bud of my mother.
I detest travelling in darkness, for then I cannot see those who are upside down.
I go forth today that I may bring Maat, for she is with me.
I will not be given to your flame, O You gods.


177 (261) the King is a Lightning Flash

by the priest

To say the words :
King Unas is woe to the heart, the son of the heart of Shu, extensively extended and with a terrible brilliance !
King Unas is a flame (burning) before the wind, to the end of the sky and to the end of the Earth, when the hand of the lightning bolts have become empty of King Unas.
King Unas will traverse Shu, travel the horizon, and kiss the Red Crown as one hurled by a god.
Those who are in <the firmament> will open their arms to him.
King Unas will stand up on the eastern side of the quartz of rain, and there is brought to him a way of ascent to the sky.
It is he who does the mission of the Stormy One (Seth).

The Horus-king in the afterlife

178 (262) the King remind the deities he knows them

by the King

To say the words :
Be not unaware of me, O god,
since You know me, I know You.
And I know You !

Be not unaware of me, O Re.
Know me, for I know You.
Be not unaware of me, O Re.
I call You : "Great of Provision, Lord of All !"

Be not unaware of me, O Thoth.
Know me, for I know You.
Be not unaware of me, O Thoth.;
I call You : "He Who Sets Alone !"

Be not unaware of me, O Sharp Horus.
Know me, for I know You.
Be not unaware of me, O Sharp Horus.
Know me, for I know You.
I call You : "The Difficult One !"

Be not unaware of me, O Dweller in the Duat.
Know me, for I know You.
Be not unaware of me, O Dweller in the Duat.
I call You : "He Who Wakes Sound !"

Be not unaware of me, Sky Bull.
Know me, for I know You.
Be not unaware of me, O Bull of the Sky.
I call You : "This One Who Endures !"

Behold, I have come !
Behold, I have come !
Behold, I have emerged !

I have not come of my own accord, a message having come for me. I have passed by my House of my Ba, the striking power of the Great Lake has missed me.

There is no one who requires my fare for the great ferry.
There is no one who bars me from the White Palace of the Great Ones at the Beaten Path of Stars - for look, I have reached the height of heaven.

I have seen the cobra in the Nightboat, and it is I who row in it. I have recognized the uraeus in the Dayboat, and it is I who bail it out. The Sun-folk have testified concerning me. The hailstorms of the sky have taken me (so) that they might raise me up to Re.


179 (263) the spirits of the dead meet the King

by the King

To say the words :
The two reed floats of the sky have been set in place for Re,
that he might cross on them to the horizon.
The two reed floats of the sky have been set in place for Horus of the Horizon,
that Horus of the Horizon might cross on them to Re.
The two reed floats of the sky have been set in place for me,
that I, King Unas, might cross on them to the horizon, to Re.
The two reed floats of the sky have been set in place for me,
that I might cross on them to Horus of the Horizon and to Re.

It has become well with me and my Ka !
I will live with my Ka !
My panther-skin is on me.
My Ames-staff is on my arm.
My Aba-scepter is in my hand.

Those who have gone way have missed me. They will bring me these four Akhs, the Elders who are at the head of the wearers of the side-lock, who stand in the eastern side of the sky and who sweep away with their electrum staves, that they may tell my good name to Re and announce me to Kas-Assigner, (saying) : "Greet this King Unas' entrance into the North of the Field of Reeds. Let King Unas across the Winding Canal. He is ferried over to the eastern side of the horizon ! He is ferried over to the eastern side of the sky ! His sister is Sothis ! His female sibling is the Morning Star !"

180 (267) leaving Osiris behind and crossing the horizon

by the King

To say the words :
You have your heart, O Osiris !
You have your legs, O Osiris !
You have your arms, O Osiris !
(So too) my heart is my own !
My legs are my own !
My arms are my own !

A stairway to the sky is set up for me that I, King Unas,
may ascend on it to the sky.
I will ascend on the smoke of the great censing.
I will fly up as a bird and alight as a beetle.
When I will fly up as a bird and alight as a beetle,
it will be in the empty throne in your bark, O Re !

Stand up, remove yourself, O You who do not know the thicket of reeds (of the horizon), that I may sit in your place.
I will row in the sky in your bark, O Re.
I will push off from the land in your bark, O Re !

When You are emerging from the horizon, I, with my scepter in my arm, will be the one sailing your bark, O Re, (so) that You may ascend to the sky and (I may) go away from the land, away from wife and kilt.

181 (268) the Royal Ka of the King comes to him

by the priest

To say the words :
This King Unas will wash himself when Re appears and the Elder Ennead shines.
Should he of Ombos become high at the head of the conclave, (then) this King Unas will take over the nobles as a limb of himself, and this King Unas will seize hold of the Great White Crown from the hands of the Two Enneads.

Isis {will nurse him.
Nephthys will suckle him.}
Horus {will accept him} beside him at his two fingers,
purify this King Unas in the Jackal Lake, and
release the Ka of this King Unas in the Lake of the Duat.
He will purge the flesh of the Ka of this King Unas and of his body by means of that which is on the shoulders of Re in the horizon, which he receives when the Two Lands shine and he opens the faces of the gods.
He will conduct the Ka of this King Unas to his body at the Great Mansion.

The portals will act for him, the Curl (of the Red Crown) will be tied on for him and this King Unas will guide the Imperishable Stars !
He will ferry across to the Fields of Reeds with those who are in the horizon rowing him and those who are in the firmament sailing him.
This King Unas will become truly efficient, and his arms will not fail.
This King Unas will become truly excellent, and his Ka will reach him !


182 (269) censing prayer, ascension and sweet milk

by the King

To say the words :
The fire is laid, the fire shines.
The incense is laid on the fire, the incense shines.
Your scent has come to me, O incense,
may my scent come to You, O incense.
Your scent has come to me, You gods,
may my scent come to You, You gods.

I, King Unas, shall be with You, gods ;
You shall be with me, gods.
I, King Unas, live with You, gods ;
You shall live with me, gods.
I, King Unas, shall love You, gods ;
love me, gods.

ascension


The wafer has come, the cap that comes from the knee of Horus has come :
the ascender has come, the ascender has come ;
the climber has come, the climber has come ;
he who flew up has come, he who flew up has come !

I will ascend upon the thighs of Isis !
I will climb up upon the thighs of Nephthys !
My father Atum will seize my hand for me,
and allot me to those excellent and wise gods :
the Imperishable Stars !

sweet milk

My mother Ipy, give me that breast of yours, that I may apply it to my mouth and suck this white, gleaming, sweet milk of yours.

As for yonder land in which I walk, I will neither thirst nor hunger in it, forever !

183 (270) summoning Osiris as the celestial ferryman

by the priest

To say the words :
Awake in peace !
Face Behind Him, in peace !
Sees Behind Him, in peace !
Ferryman of the sky, in peace !
Ferryman of Nut, in peace !
Ferryman of the gods, in peace !

by the King

I have come to You that You may ferry me across in this ferryboat in which You ferry the gods.
I have come to his side, just like a god coming to his side.
I have come near to his side, just like a god coming near to his side.
There is no one living who makes accusation against me.
There is no one dead who makes accusation against me.
There is no duck which makes accusation against me.
There is no longhorned bull which makes accusation against me.
 
So, if You should not ferry me over, I will leap up and put myself on the wing of Thoth, and he will ferry me over to yonder side.

184 (271) raising the Djed-Pillar

by the King

To say the words :
I, King Unas,
have inundated the land that came forth from the lake.
I have torn out the papyrus-plant.
It is I, (who) satisfied, (the) Two Lands.
It is I, (who) united, (the) Two Lands.
It is I, (who) joined my mother the great wild cow. O my mother, the wild cow on the hill of grass and on the hill of the stork.

Stand up, You two Djed-pillars, and descend, You crossbars, that I may ascend on this ladder which my father Re made for me.

Horus and Seth shall take hold of my arm and take me away from the Duat.
You with the eye-injury, beware of him with the command ;
You with the command, beware of him with the eye-injury.

The face of the god is open to me,
and I sit on the great throne beside the god.


185 (272) opening the Gate of Nun

by the King

To say the words :
O Height that will not be penetrated, Gate of Nun, I, King Unas, have come to You, have this opened to me !

by the gate

Is King Unas the little one in it ?

by the King


I am at the head of the Followers of Re !
I am not at the head of the gods who make disturbance !


X

ANTECHAMBER / North Wall (302 - 312)


BOOK OF ASCENSION


King Unas flies away, ferries over & climbs ladders

186 (302) the King flies away to Re

by the King


To say the words :
The sky has been bled (at dawn) and Sothis lives, because I, King Unas, I am a living one, the son of Sothis, for whom the Dual Ennead have cleaned the imperishable Striker. My house in the sky will not end. My throne of the Two Lands on Earth will not end.

Men hide, (but) the gods fly away !

Sothis has flown me to the sky into the company of my brothers the gods. Nut the great has uncovered her arms for me. The Two Bas, who are at the head of the Bas of Iunu (Heliopolis), who attend on Re, have bowed themselves, they who spend the night making this mourning for the god.

My seat is with You, O Re, and I will give it to nobody else. I will ascend to the sky to You, O Re, for my face is that of falcons, my wings are those of birds, my talons are the fangs of Him of Atfet.

There is no word against me on Earth among men, there is no accusation in the sky among the gods. For I annulled the word against me, which I destroyed in order to mount up to the sky.
 
Paths-Parter (Wepwawet) has flown me up to the sky among my brethren the gods. I use my arms as a Nile goose, I flap my wings as a kite.

The flier has flown !
O men, I have flown away from You !

187
(303) the King ferries over to the sky

by the King


To say the words :
O western gods, eastern gods, southern gods, and northern gods ! These four pure reed-floats which You set down for Osiris when he ascended to the sky, so that he might ferry over to the Cool Waters with his son Horus at his fingers, so that he might foster him and cause him to appear as a great god in the Cool Waters - set them down for me, King Unas !

by the gods

Are You Horus, son of Osiris ?
Are You, King Unas, the god, the eldest one, the son of Hathor ?
Are You the seed of Geb ?

by the King


Osiris has commanded me, King Unas, to appear as the counterpart of Horus, and these four Akhs who are in Heliopolis have written (it) on the record of the two great gods who are in the Cool Waters.

188
(304) opening of the sky to the King : a ladder in the necropolis

by the King


To say the words :
Hail to You, daughter of Anubis, who is at the windows of the sky, the companion of Thoth, who is at the uprights of the ladder ! Open my way that I, King Unas, may pass.

Greetings to You, ostrich at the lips of the Winding Canal ! Open my way that I may pass !

Greetings, bull of Re who has four horns : a horn of yours in the West, a horn of yours in the East, a horn of yours in the South, and a horn of yours in the North ! Bend down for me this western horn of yours, (so) that I may pass.

by the Bull of Re

Are You a pure Westerner, for You have come forth from Falcon City ?

by the King

Greetings to You, Field of Peace !
Greetings to the vegetation {that is in You !
Greetings to} my vegetation that is in You,
the clean growth therein is pleasant !

189
(305) a Ladder is made for the King

by the King


To say the words :
A ladder has been is knotted together by Re, face to face with Osiris.
A ladder has been knotted together by Horus, face to face with his father Osiris when he goes to his Akh, one of them being on this side, one of them being on that side, while I, King Unas, am between them !


by the gods


Are You a god whose places are pure ?

by the King


I have come forth from a pure (place). 

by Horus


"Stand up, King Unas !", says Horus.

by Seth


"Sit down, King Unas !", says Seth.

by Re


"Take his arm !", says Re.

by the priest


Akh, to the sky !
Corpse, to the Earth !

What people receive when they are buried, their thousand of bread and their thousand of beer, is from the offering table of the Foremost of the Westerners.

Poor is the heir who has no writing.
So King Unas writes with his big finger and does not write with his little finger.


190 (306) the King mounts up the Ladder

by the priest


To say the words :
"How lovely to see ! How pleasing to behold,” say they, namely the gods, when you ascend to the sky with your power upon you, your terror about you, and your magic at your feet.

Geb has acted on your behalf just in the manner in which things should be done for you.

There have come to You the divine Bas of Pe, the divine Bas of Nekhen, the gods who belong to the sky, and the gods who belong to the Earth, (so) that they might make support for You, upon their arms.
So, ascend, King Unas, to the sky and mount up on it in this its identity of "Ladder".

"The sky will be given to King Unas, and the Earth will be given to him.", says Atum.
It is Geb is the one who argues for it, (saying) : 
"The mounds  praised are the Mounds of Horus and the Mounds of Seth, and the Fields of Reeds shall adore You in this your name of Morning God, as Sobek under his mangroves."

Has he (Seth) slain You, his heart having said that You would die because of him ? But look, You have become a more enduring bull of the wild bulls than he !

Endure, endure, O enduring bull, (so) that You, King Unas, may be enduring at the head of them, at the head of the Akhs forever !

Except for Re, King Unas rules everybody & everything

191 (307) the King is the Bull of Heliopolis

by the King


To say the words :
There is a Heliopolitan in me, O god !
Your Heliopolitan (nature) is in me, O god !
There is a Heliopolitan in me, O Re !
Your Heliopolitan (nature) is in me, O Re !
My mother is a Heliopolitan, my father is a Heliopolitan.
I, King Unas, am a Heliopolitan myself, born in Heliopolis when Re was ruler of the Dual Ennead and above the plebs, Nefertem without peer, heir of my father Geb.

As for any god who will thrust out his arm (to hold me off), when my face turns to worship You and to call to You about my body, O god, and about my nose, O god, he will have no bread ;
he will have no wafer in the company of his brothers the gods ;
he will not send (messengers) ;
he will not leap <the barrier> in the company of his brothers the gods ;
the doors of the Nightboat will not be opened to him ;
the doors of the Dayboat will not be opened to him ;
he will not be judged as a citizen ;
the doors of provisioning will not be opened to him !

I have come for You !
For I am the wild bull of the savannah, the great-faced bull who comes from Heliopolis. I am both the one who gave You birth and the one who can continue to give You birth.

192
(308) the gods invoke the King naked

by the King


To say the words :
Greetings to You, Horus on the Mounds of Horus !
Greetings to You, Seth on the Mounds of Seth !
Greetings to You, Reeds in the Field of Reeds !
Greetings, You two reconciled gods, twin children of the four foremost gods of the Great Mansion, You who invoke me naked !

I, King Unas, have looked on You as Horus looked at Isis.
I have looked at You as Ka-Assigner looked on Serket.
I have looked at You as Sobek looked at Neith.
I have looked at You as Seth looked at the two reconciled (gods).

193
(309) the King is the servant of Re

by the King


To say the words :
I, King Unas, I am <the secretary> of the god, in charge of the Mansion of Re, born of Prayer-of-the-gods, who is in the prow of the Boat of Re.

I shall sit before him, I shall open his boxes, I shall break open his edicts, I shall seal his dispatches, I shall send out his unwearying messengers, and I shall do what he says to me.

194
(310) the King warns the gods

by the King


To say the words :
If I, King Unas, should be cursed, then will Atum be cursed.
If I should be reviled, then will Atum be reviled.
If I should be smitten, then will Atum be smitten.
If I should be hindered on this road, then will Atum be hindered.
I am Horus !
I have come in the wake of my father !
I have come in the wake of Osiris !

O You (ferryman), who faces forward and backward,
bring this (ferryboat) to me ! 

by the ferryman


"Which ferryboat should I get for You ?"

by the King


Bring me : "Whenever It Flies It Lands !"

195
(311) the King wants to be seen by Re and sees Re

by the King


To say the words :
See me, O Re !
Recognize me, O Re !
I, King Unas, belong to those that know You, so know me.
I will not forget the blessing of the given offering,
(so that) she who maroons whom she would maroon will open the doors of the horizon at the ascent of the Dayboat.
I know the Hall of the Baldachin in the middle of the Platform of Izken from which You go forth when You board the Nightboat.

Commend me, commend me, commend me, commend me -
to say the words four times without pause- to those four of yours who go down behind You, and who see with two faces and who argue with fierce <roaring> about the first-born with those who will have trouble, along with those whom they would destroy, (so that) they will not cross (him with) their arm when I turn to You, when I come to You and tell You this name of yours of "Great Flood which came forth from the Great One".

I will not become blind if You put me in darkness.
I will not become deaf even though I do not hear your voice.

You should take me with You, with You !
He who will drive away storms for You, who will dispel the clouds for You, and who will break up the hail for You.
I will make genuflection after genuflection for You !
I will make adoration after adoration for You when You set me on the body of the vulture !

196
(312) the King as ascending bread

by the King

To say the words :
The bread has flown
!
The bread has indeed flown,
toward my mansions, the Mansions of the Red Crown !


XI

ANTECHAMBER / East Gable (273 - 276)


ARRIVAL IN HEAVEN


197 (273-274) the Cannibal Hymn

by the priest

The sky rains down.
The stars darken.
The celestial vaults stagger.
The bones of Aker tremble.
The <decans> are stilled against them,
at seeing King Unas rise as a Ba.
A god who lives on his fathers and feeds on his mothers.

King Unas is Lord of Wisdom whose mother knows not his name.
The glory of King Unas is in the sky, his might is in the horizon.
Like his father, Atum, his begetter.
Though his son, King Unas is mightier than he.

The Kas of King Unas are behind him.
His guardian forces are under his feet.
His gods are over him.
His Uraeus-serpents are on his brow.
The guiding-serpent of King Unas is on his forehead :
she who sees the Ba (of the enemy as) good for <burning>.
The neck of King Unas is on his trunk.

King Unas is the Bull of the Sky,
who <shatters> at will,
who lives on the being of every god, 
who eats their <entrails>,
even of those who come with their bodies 
full of magic from the Island of Fire.

King Unas is one equipped, 
who assembles his Akhs.
King Unas appears as this Great One,
Lord of those with (Helping) Hands.
He sits with his back to Geb,
for it is King Unas who weighs what he says, 
together with Him-whose-name-is-hidden,
on this day of slaying the oldest ones.

King Unas is Lord of Offerings, who knots the cord,
and who himself prepares his meal.
King Unas is he who eats men and lives on gods,
Lord of Porters, who dispatches written messages.

It is "Grasper-of-the-top-knot", <who is> Kehau,
who lassoes them for King Unas.
It is "Serpent Raised-head",
who guards them for him and restrains them for him.
It is "He-upon-the-willows",
who binds them for him.
It is Courser, slayer of Lords,
who will cut their throats for King Unas,
and will extract for him what is in their bodies,
for he is the messenger whom King Unas sends to restrain.
It is Shezmu,
who will cut them up for King Unas,
and cooks meals of them in his dinner-pots.

(274)

It is King Unas who eats their magic and gulps down their Akhs.
Their big ones are for his morning meal,
their middle-sized ones are for his evening meal,
their little ones are for his night meal,
their old men and their old women are for his incense-burning.
It is the Great Ones in the North of the sky,
who light the fire for him,
to the cauldrons containing them,
with the thighs of their eldest (as fuel).

Those who are in the sky serve King Unas,
And the butcher's blocks are wiped over for him,
with the feet of their women.

He has revolved around the whole of the two skies.
He has circled the two banks.
For King Unas is the great power that overpowers the powers.
King Unas is a sacred image, the most sacred image 
of the sacred images of the Great One.
Whom he finds in his way, him he devours <bit by bit>.

The place of King Unas is at the head of all the noble ones who are in the horizon.
For King Unas is a god, older than the oldest.
Thousands revolve around him, hundreds offer to him.
There is given to him a warrant as a great power by Orion, the father of the gods.

King Unas has risen again in the sky.
He is crowned as Lord of the Horizon.
He has smashed the back-bones,
and has seized the hearts of the gods.
He has eaten the Red Crown.
He has swallowed the Green One.
King Unas feeds on the lungs of the wise.
And likes to live on hearts and their magic.

King Unas abhors against licking <the Coils of the Red Crown>.
But delights to have their magic in his belly.
The dignities of King Unas will not be taken away from him.
For he has swallowed the knowledge of every god.
The lifetime of King Unas is eternal repetition. 
His limit is everlastingness.
In this his dignity of : 
"If-he-likes-he-does. If-he-dislikes-he-does-not."
He who is at the limits of the horizon,
forever and ever.

Lo, their Ba is in the belly of King Unas.
Their Akhs are in the possession of King Unas,
as the surplus of his meal <out of> the gods.
Which is cooked for King Unas from their bones.

Lo, their Ba is in the possession of King Unas.
Their shadows are removed from their owners,
while King Unas is this one who ever rises and lasting lasts. 

The doers of ill deeds have no power to destroy,
the chosen seat of King Unas,
among the living in this land.
Forever and ever.

198 (275) the King opens the double doors of the horizon

by the priest

To say the words :

King Unas has come to You, falcons, for your Horus-mansions become peaceful to King Unas, with his bent tail, of the intestine of baboon, at his rear.
King Unas will open the double doors.
King Unas will attain the limit of the horizon.
King Unas has laid down his tailed kilt there.
King Unas will become the Great One who is in Crocodilopolis.


Protection of the East of the Tomb

199 (276)

by the priest

To say the words :
Do against yourself what You can do against yourself, You Zekzek-snake who are in your <hole>, You hindrance !


XII

ANTECHAMBER / East Wall (277 - 301)


PROTECTING THE EAST


200 (277)

by the priest

{To say the words :}
Horus has fallen because of his Eye !
The Bull has crawled away because of his testicles.
Fall down !
Crawl away !

201 (278)

by the priest

To say the words :
Babi has stood up to meet the Foremost of Letepolis : let the spittle stop the one whose trampling is desired, You whose trampling is desired.
You are released, Wefi-snake :
cause King Unas to be protected.

202 (279)

by the priest

To say the words :
King Unas is a trampler, who <chops> the mud of the canals.
Thoth, behind King Unas !
Trample on the one of the dark, trample on the one of the dark !

203 (280 - 281)

by the priest

To say the words :
O You Evil-doer, Evil-doer !
O You of the wall, You of the wall !
Set your face behind You !
Beware of the great mouth !

Caught one of the courtyard, You !
Earthen one of the courtyard,
long one, You of the foot, lion of Pehty, lion of Petjety !
Pehty and Petjety, give me now your long one !
Stack up the flesh.
Woe, now : the pot !
The plaited serpent, the plaited serpent, will be conveyed away,
will be conveyed away.

204 (282)

by the priest

To say the words :
O Hazet-snake, the vulture's mouth - that is your arrack. Hazet-snake, the vulture's mouth, the one belonging to the Gold of Jubilation, Apparent in Heat and Jubilation. This is your Bull, the strong one against whom this was done.

205 (283)

by the King

To say the words :
Shall I, King Unas, chop this left nail of mine against You and set a blow with it for Min, attacker ? O You who rob, do not rob !

206 (284)

by the King

To say the words :
The one Atum has bitten has filled my mouth, coiling all up. The centipede has been smitten by Him-of-the-Mansion, and He-of-the-Mansion has been smitten by the centipede : that lion is inside this lion ; the two bulls shall fight inside the ibis.

207 (285)

by the priest

To say the words :
Your two drops (of poison) are off to your two (poison) sacs : spit them out at <once>, now ! Gory !
Spew out, You with the liquid, with water.
O You of the injured eye, headband of Seshau - rain, You wretched one !
Cobra, reject !
You windpipe, You of the Het-plant, alum !
The lion is dangerous with (his) water.
Extender, do not extend ! It is the windpipe.

208 (286)

by the King


To say the words :

The Byblites have crawled off. The lake-long-ones Red Crowns shall bring in the lake-long-one, for I shall raise the Red Crowns and You shall praise my name.

209 (287)

by the priest

{
To say the words :}
You whose mother turned him away !
You whose mother turned him away,
are You not such, are You not such ?
Lion, spit out !

210 (288)

by the priest

To say the words :
O Hekj-snake, O Hekret-snake, go away, head off !
The Eye of King Unas, do not look at him !
You shall not effect your mission with King Unas,
spit out and do not come back !

211 (289)

by the priest

To say the words :
The bull has fallen to the Sedjeh-snake and the Sedjeh-snake has fallen to the bull. Fall down ! Crawl away !

212 (290)

by the priest

To say the words :
Face has fallen on face. Face has seen face.
The black-dappled knife has gone forth and swallowed for itself and acquired for itself.

213 (291)

by the priest

To say the words :
Your jubilation has been removed, You white one of the <hole>, by the one who emerged as worm. Your own jubilation has been taken away, You white one of the <hole>, by him who emerged as a worm.

214 (292)

by the priest


To say the words :
You are one whom the attacker attacked, You snake whose attack has missed. Your aggression is for your aggressor, You snake whose attack has missed.

215 (293)

by the King

To say the words :
Get back, You hidden one !
Hide yourself, do not let me, King Unas, see You !
You should not come to where I am, that I, may not pronounce against You this your name of Traveler, son of (the female) Traveler.
The Majesty of the Pelican has fallen in the inundation,
turned away, turned away !
Monster, lie down !


216 (294)

by the King

To say the words :
I, King Unas, am Horus who came forth from the acacia, who came forth from the acacia, to whom it was commanded : "Beware of the lion !" To whom the command went forth : "Beware of the lion !"
I have come forth from my stoppered jar after having spent the night in my stoppered jar, and I will appear at dawn. I have come forth from my stoppered jar, having spent the night in my stoppered jar, and I will appear at dawn.

217 (295)

by the King

To say the words :
Mafdet will leap on the neck of the snake who brings his gift, and again on the neck of the serpent with sweeping head. Which is the one who will remain? It is I, King Unas, who will remain !

218 (296)

by the King

To say the words :
Tjetju-snake, where are You going ? Wait for me, King Unas, (for) King Unas is Geb. Hemetj-snake, brother of the Hemetjet-snake, your father Djaamiu has died.

219 (297)

by the King

My hand has come upon You, <accursed> snake. The one that comes on You is that of Mafdet, at the fore of the Mansion of Life, striking You on your face, and scratching You on your eyes, so that You fall into your dung and crawl into your urine.
Fall down ! Lie down ! Crawl away, that your mother Nut may see You !

220 (298)

by the King

To say the words :
Re will appear, his effective Uraeus upon him, against this snake which came forth from the Earth.
You under my fingers, I, King Unas, shall cut off your head with this knife which is in the hand of her who has the face of Mafdet. He shall draw out those things which are in your mouth, and milk your poison with those four cords that trail behind the sandals of Osiris.
Monster, lie down !
Bull, crawl away !


221 (299)

by the King

To say the words :
Cobra, to the sky !
Centipede of Horus, to the Earth !
The sandals of Horus is treading on the Lord of the Mansion, the bull of the cavern.
Shunned snake, I, King Unas, cannot be shunned !
My sycamore is my sycamore.
My refuge is my refuge.
Anyone I find in my way I will devour.


222 (300)

by the King


To say the words :
O Kherti of Nezat, and You ferryman of the Ikehet which Khnum made !
Bring this (ferry) for me, for I, King Unas, am Sokar of Rosetau.
I am off to where Sokar, Lord of the Spread Lake, dwells.
You two, get those (ferries) that cross the desert.


223 (301) address to the primeval deities

by the King

To say the words :
You have your bread-loaf, O Nun and Naunet !
You pair of the gods,
who joined the gods with their shadow.

You have your bread-loaf, O Amun and Amaunet !
You pair of the gods,
who joined the gods with their shadow.

You have your bread-loaf, O Atum and Double-Lion !
Who yourselves created your two gods and their bodies,
that is Shu and Tefenet, who made the gods,
who begot the gods and established the gods.

Tell your father that I, King Unas, have given You your bread-loaves, that I have contented You with what is yours, and that You should not hinder me when I cross to him at the horizon.

For I know him and know his name :
"eternal" is his name ; "the Eternal, Lord of the Year" is his name.
He whose arms are a weapon, Horus-who-is-over-the-stars-of-the-sky, who brings Re to life every day, shall refashion me and bring me to life every day !

I have come to You, O Horus of Shat.
I have come to You, O Horus of Shezmet.
I have come to You, O Horus of the East.

Lo, I have brought to You your great eastern eye from the cavern. Accept it from me and be sound, (receive) its water in it and be sound, its gore in it and be sound, its vapor in it and be sound.

Ascend to it and take it in this your name of the shawl of the god.
You should mount up to it in this your name of Re.
Put it on your brow in this its name of "Brow-unguent".
You should redden with it in this its name of "Willow".
Gleam with it among the gods in this its name of "Faience".
Be joyful by means of it in this its name of "Jubilation oil of Renenutet", for it loves You.

Arise, great reed float, as Paths-Parter (Wepwawet), filled with your Akh and emergent from the horizon ! Take the crown from the great and mighty <foreigners> who preside over Libya as Sobek, Lord of Bakhu.

When You travel to your fields and course the interior of your mangroves and your nose smells the sweet savours of Shezmet, You should make my Ka ascend for him beside him, just like that coursing of yours ascends for You.

So, clean me !
So, brighten me bright in this Jackal Lake of yours, (O) Jackal, in which You cleanse the gods - powerful for You and sharp for You !
O Horus, Lord of the Malachite !
To say the words four times :
"Two green falcons."


CORRIDOR :

THRESHOLD TO THE IMPERISHABLES (XIII)


XIII

CORRIDOR / West Wall (313 - 317)


THE BOLT OF BABI


224 (313) opening the door to the sky

by the priest


Draw back, the phallus of Babi.
Open, {door of the sky. You sealed door,
open a path for King Unas} on the heat of the fire where the gods scoop water.
The glide path of Horus, the glide path of Horus, will King Unas glide on, in this heat of the fire where the gods scoop water ?
They will make a road for King Unas (so) that King Unas may pass on it, for this King Unas is Horus.

225 (314) spell against the guardian of the door

by the priest

To say the words :
Back, gored longhorn, with the fingers of the horizon on his horns !
Fall down !
Retreat !


226 (315) entering the sky

by the King


Here am I, King Unas, O screeching baboon, O howling baboon.
My death is at my own desire, my honour upon me, I make acclamation and ululation and sit among {the youngsters}.


227 (316)

by the King

O You back-turning star, I, King Unas does not have to give You his magic. I sit side by side with my back to the swept area in Heliopolis. I will be taken to the sky !

228 (317)

by the King


To say the words :
I, King Unas, have come here in advance of the waters of the great flood.
I am Sobek, green of plumage, watchful of face, raised fore, the raging one who came forth from the tigh and tail of the Great One who is in the Sunshine.

I have come to my canals which in the flood-shore of the Great Inundation, to the place of rest with green fields in the horizon, that I might make green the herbage which is on the shores of the horizon, that I might bring faience to the great eye in the midst of the fields, that I might receive my seat that is in the horizon.
 
I have appeared as Sobek, son of Neith.
I will eat with my mouth.
I will urinate and I will copulate with my phallus.
I am the Lord of Semen, who takes women from their husbands to the place I wish, according to the urges of my heart.


CORRIDOR / East Wall (318 - 321)


THE PHALLUS OF BABI SAILS THE KING


229 (318)

by the priest

{
To say the words :
King Unas is a Plait-snake, the bull who leads}, who swallowed his seven uraei and his seven neck-vertebrae came into being, {who gives orders}
to the seven Enneads which hear the word of the monarch.

King Unas will come so that he may inhale myrrh and become beautiful with myrrh, (for) King Unas fingernail is full of myrrh.

King Unas will take away your power, You gods !
Serve King Unas who will assign your Kas.

230 (319)

by the priest


To say the words :
King Unas is a bull with radiance in the midst of his eyes :
the mouth of King Unas is hale with the fiery blast and the head of King Unas has the horns of Horus, the Lord of the Nile Valley.
King Unas will lead the god.
King Unas will control the Ennead.
King Unas will cultivate lapis-lazuli.
King Unas will plant the acacia of the Nile Valley, for
King Unas has tied the cords of the peppergrass,
King Unas has united the skies, and
King Unas has power over the southern and northern lands - the god of those in (his) presence, for
King Unas has built the city of the god in accordance with its proper due.
King Unas is the third in his appearance (with Horus and Re).


231
(320)

by the priest

To say the words :
Now that King Unas has cleared the night, and
King Unas has sent off the hour-stars,

the controlling powers will appear and privilege King Unas as Babi.
King Unas is the son of her who does not know him :
she bore King Unas to yellow-face, Lord of the Night Skies
.

(He is) your greater, You Lords !
Hide yourselves, You common folk, from before King Unas !
King Unas is Babi,
Lord of the Night Sky,
the bull of baboons,
who lives on those who do not know him.



232 (321)

by the priest

To say the words :
O You (ferryman) with the back of his head behind him, bring to King Unas Seferet-hetepet which is on the back of Osiris, (so) that King Unas may ascend on it to the sky and King Unas may escort Re in the sky.


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initiated : 18 VI 2006 - updated : 06 I 2016 - version n°4

© Wim van den Dungen
Antwerp, 2006 - 2017.