The Pyramid Texts of UNAS

by Wim van den Dungen


Burial-Chamber l Passage-way l Antechamber l Corridor l Serdab

introduction l English text l commentary


II

SARCOPHAGUS CHAMBER

North Wall

reg.1 = 23, 25, 32 - 57
reg.2 = 72 - 79, 81 - 96, 108 - 116
reg.3 = 117 - 171

"<" or ">" between numbers = sequence of the text
"<" from right to left (facing right) or ">" from left to right (facing left)


OFFERING LITURGY


adapted from the pictures of L.F. Husson in :
Piankoff, A. : The Pyramid of Unas, Bollingen Series, 1968.

to download a larger picture click here
the text reads from left to right - three registers (reg.1 = top)


Translation


{...}  :  restored passage
<...> : conjectured translation of unknown word
(...)   : words added to bring out the sense and/or to clarify

The first number given, is the ordinal position of the utterance in the present English version of the 228 utterances of the Unas text, while the second is the traditional enumeration of the sayings by Sethe.


I Preliminary Purifications

all by the priest

19
(23) purification by water

Osiris, seize all those who hate King Unas -pour water- and who speak evil against his name. Thoth, go, seize him for Osiris. Bring him who speaks evil against the name of King Unas. Put him in your hand.

To say the words four times :
"Do not let go of him !
Beware, do not let go of him !"
-pour water-

20
(25) censing Ka-rite

Someone has gone with his Ka.

Horus has gone with his Ka.
Seth has gone with his Ka.
Thoth has gone with his Ka.

To say the words four times :
-burning incense-
"The god has gone with his Ka.
Osiris goes with his Ka.
Eyes-Forward has gone with his Ka.
You also have gone with your Ka."

O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is behind You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is behind You !

O Osiris King Unas, I have given You the Eye of Horus !
May your face be adorned with it !
May the perfume of the Eye of Horus diffuse over You !


21 (32) pouring of libation under the feet

This is your libation, Osiris.

This is your libation, O King Unas, have gone forth -libation & two pellets of natron- to your son, have gone forth to Horus.

I have come and I bring You the Eye of Horus, that your heart may be refreshed with it. I bring it to You under your feet.

Take the outflow that comes out from You. Your heart will not be weary with it.

To say the words four times :
"Come, (for) You have been invoked !"


22 (34) purification of the mouth by Upper Egyptian natron

Cream, cream, splits open your mouth !
O King Unas,
-Upper Egyptian natron of Nekheb, 5 pellets-
taste its taste in front of them of the divine chapels.

What Horus spits out is cream.
What Seth spits out is cream.
What reconciles the two gods is cream.

To say the words four times :
"You are purified in the company of the Followers of Horus."

23 (35) purification of the mouth by Lower Egyptian natron

Your purification is the purification of Horus.
Your purification is the purification of Seth.
-Lower Egyptian natron of Shetpet, 5 pellets-
Your purification is the purification of Thoth.
Your purification is the purification of the god.
Your purification is also among them.
Your mouth is the mouth of a sucking calf on the day he is born.


24 (36) final censing and declaration of purity

Your purification is the purification of Horus.
Your purification is the purification of Seth.
Your purification -incense, one pellet- is the purification of Thoth.
Your purification is the purification of the god.
Your purification is the purification of your Ka.
Your purification is the purification of your purification,
and this purification of yours also is among your brothers, the gods !

Your purification is on your mouth :
You should clean all your bones,
and end what is against You.

O Osiris, I give You the Eye of Horus !
Provide your face with it, spread through.

II Opening of the Mouth Rituals

1. Ritual of Opening the Mouth

25 (37) the Peseshkef or Flint Spreader

O King Unas, I have fastened your jaws spread for You.
-the Peseshkef-

26 (38) the divine iron

O Osiris King Unas, I split open your mouth for You.
-divine iron of Upper Egypt, 1 ingot ; divine iron of Lower Egypt, 1 ingot-

27 (39) the Eye of Horus

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus which went away :
I have brought it to You that I might put it in your mouth.
-Zeru-salt of Upper Egypt and Zeru-salt of Lower Egypt-

28 (40) the Shiku of Osiris

O King Unas, take the Shiku-mineral of Osiris !
-Shiku-


29 (41) the tip of the breast of Horus

Take the tip of Horus' own breast !
Take what is for your mouth !
-milk, 1 jar-

30 (42) the breast of Isis

Take the breast of your sister Isis the milk-provider,
which You should take to your mouth.
-an empty Menza-jar-

31 (32) pouring of libation under the feet

This is your libation, Osiris.

This is your libation, O King Unas, have gone forth -libation & two pellets of natron- to your son, have gone forth to Horus.

I have come and I bring You the Eye of Horus, that your heart may be refreshed with it. I bring it to You under your feet.

Take the outflow that comes out from You. Your heart will not be weary with it.

To say the words four times :
"Come, (for) You have been invoked !"

2. Mouth-opening Meal

32 (43) the Eye of Horus

Take the two Eyes of Horus, the black and the white.
Take them to your forehead, that they may brighten your face.
-the lifting up of a white jar and a black jar-

33 (44) dedication of offerings to Re

Re in the sky shall be pleased with You,
and he shall pacify the Two Lords for You.
The night is favorable to You.
-a fresh bread-loaf-
The Two Ladies are favorable to You.

Offerings have been brought to You.
Offerings is what You see.
Offerings is what You hear.

Offerings in front of You !
Offerings behind You !
Offerings are your portion !

34 (45) preparation of the mouth

O Osiris King Unas, take the white teeth of Horus, which shall equip your mouth.
-a bowl of 5 onions-heads-

35 (46) offering for the Ka : first cake

To say the words four times :
An offering which the King gives for the Ka of King Unas.
O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, your bread-loaf, and eat.
-a bread-loaf of offering-

36 (47) first cup

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which was taken from Seth and which You shall take to your mouth, and with which You should part your mouth !
-wine, a Hatjes jar of white quartzite stone-

37 (48) second cup

O Osiris King Unas, part your mouth with your full measure !
-wine, a Hatjes jar of black quartzite stone-

38 (49) third cup

O Osiris King Unas, take the <ferment> which comes from You !
-beer, a Henet-bowl of black quartzite stone-

39 (50) glorification of Re

O Re !
Your dawning, You in the sky, your dawning,
for King Unas, Lord of All Things !
As all things belong to yourself,
let all things belong to the Ka of King Unas,
let all things belong to himself !
-the lifting up before him of a sanctified offering-

40 (51) second cake

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, which You should taste.
-1 loin cake
-

41 (52) third cake

(O) You interred !
(O) You of the dark !
-1 porridge-loaf-

42 (53) first meat

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, which You should embrace.
-1 kidney
-

43 (54) fourth cup

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus,
which was taken from Seth and saved for You !
Part your mouth with it !
-
wine, a Henet-bowl of white quartzite stone-

44 (55) fifth cup

King Unas !
Take <the ferment> that comes from Osiris !
-
beer, a Henet-bowl of black quartzite stone-

45 (56) sixth cup

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, rescued for You.
It will never escape from You !
-
beer, an iron Henet-bowl-

46 (57) seventh cup

King Unas !
Take the Eye of Horus, provide yourself with it !
-
beer, a blackened Henet-bowl-


BURIAL-CHAMBER / North Wall
register 2 : 72 - 79 , 81 - 96, 108 - 116


3. Anointment with Seven Oils

47 (72) festival oil

O Osiris King Unas, I have filled your Eye with ointment.
To say the words four times :
-festival-scent oil-


48
(73)
jubilation oil

O Osiris King Unas, take <the ferment> (which is) from his face.
-jubilation oil
-

49
(74)
pine oil

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, on which he caused <devastation>.
-pine oil-

50
(75) rejoining oil

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he rejoined.
-rejoining oil-

51 (76) support oil

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, wherewith he got the gods.
-support oil-


52
(77)
pine oil

Ointment ! Ointment !
Where should You be ?
O You on the brow of Horus, where should You be ?
-first quality cedar oil-
You were on the brow of Horus, but I will put You on the brow of this King Unas.

You shall give pleasure to him who wears You.
You shall make an Akh of him who wears You.
You shall cause him to have power in his body.
You shall put the dread of him in the eyes of all the Akhs who shall look at him and everyone who shall hear his name (as well).

53
(78)
Libyan oil

O Osiris King Unas, I bring to You the Eye of Horus, which he has taken to your brow.
-first quality Libyan oil-


4. Presentation of Eyepaint


54
(79)
paint

To say the words four times :
O Osiris King Unas, the Eye of Horus has been painted sound on your face.
-a bag of green eye-paint, a bag of black eye-paint-


5. Presentation of Linen

55
(81)
linen

May You awake in peace !
Awake, Ta'it, in peace !
Awake, You of Ta'it-town, in peace !
-two roles of linen-
The Eye of Horus in Dep, in peace !
The Eye of Horus in the Mansions of the Red Crown, in peace !
You who receive the working <women>,
You who adorn the Great One of the carrying-chair,
and cause the Two Lands to bow to this King Unas,
like they bow to Horus,
and cause the Two Lands to dread King Unas,
like they dread Seth.

May You sit in front of King Unas in his divinity,
open his path at the head of the Akhs,
that he may stand at the head of the Akhs like Anubis,
at the fore of the Westerners.

Forward !
To the front, with Osiris !


6. Libation & Cleansing


56 (25)  censing Ka-rite

Someone has gone with his Ka.
Horus has gone with his Ka.
Seth has gone with his Ka.
Thoth has gone with his Ka.

To say the words four times :
-burning incense-
"The god has gone with his Ka.
Osiris goes with his Ka.
Eyes-Forward has gone with his Ka.
You also have gone with your Ka."

O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the arm of your Ka is behind You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is before You !
O King Unas, the foot of your Ka is behind You !

O Osiris King Unas, I have given You the Eye of Horus !
May your face be adorned with it !
May the perfume of the Eye of Horus diffuse over You !


57 (32) pouring of libation under the feet

This is your libation, Osiris.

This is your libation, O King Unas, have gone forth -libation & two pellets of natron- to your son, have gone forth to Horus.

I have come and I bring You the Eye of Horus, that your heart may be refreshed with it. I bring it to You under your feet.

Take the outflow that comes out from You. Your heart will not be weary with it.

To say the words four times :
"Come, (for) You have been invoked !"


III Offering Banquet

1. Preparation of the Offering Table


58 (82)

Thoth came with it to him.
He has come forth to him with the Eye of Horus.
-an offering table-

59 (83)

Give him the Eye of Horus, that he may become satisfied with it.
-O come with the king's offering !-

60 (84)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus with which he became satisfied.
-the king's offering, twice-


61
(85)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and be satisfied with it.
-two offering slabs of the broad hall
-

62
(86)

To say the words :
Cause it to turn back to You !
-Sit down ! Be silent ! the King's invocation-offering-


63
(87)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and absorb it into your mouth.
-the mouth-washing meal, 1 loaf of bread, 1 jug of beer-


64
(88)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, prevent him from trampling it.
-1 loaf of trampled bread-


65
(89)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he pulled out.
-1 bowl of pulled bread-

66
(90)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus,
for little is that which Seth has eaten of it.
-1 jar of strong ale-


67
(91)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they have <reft> from him.
-
1 jar of Henemes-drink-

68 (92)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, lift it to your face.
-the lifting up of 1 loaf of bread and 1 Henet-bowl of beer-

69
(93)

Lift up your face, O Osiris.
Lift up your face, O King Unas, whose Akh goes !
Lift up your face, O King Unas, be strong and effective.
Look at what has come from You,
striking the one who is netted in it.
Wash yourself King Unas, and
part your mouth with the Eye of Horus.
You shall summon your Ka as Osiris,
and he shall protect You from every wrath of the dead.
King Unas, take to yourself this bread of yours, which is the Eye of Horus.

70
(94)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus with which You have <refreshed> yourself.
-a Shenes-loaf-

71 (95)

Provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes from You.
-a jug of beer-

72
(96)

O Osiris King Unas, take the one of the shank, the Eye of Horus.
-1 bowl with a shank of meat-

2. Cleansing the mouth


73
(108)

O Osiris King Unas, gather to yourself the water that is in it.
-2 bowls of water-


74
(109)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which cleansed his mouth.
-2 bowls of cleansing natron-

75
(110)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, gather it to your mouth.
-the mouth-washing meal, 1 loaf of bread, 1 jug of beer-

3. Bread & Onions


76
(111)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which Seth trampled.
-1 loaf of trampled bread-

77
(112)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he pulled out.
-1 bowl of pulled bread
-

78
(113)

O Osiris King Unas, acquire what should be on You.
-2 loaves of Hetj-bread
-

79
(114)

O Osiris King Unas, I bring to You what {resembles} your face.
-2 loaves of cone bread-


80 (115)

O Osiris King Unas, I have set your Eye in place.
-4 loaves of taste bread
-

81
(116)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus !
Prevent him from suffering because of it.
-4 loaves of flat beer bread
-


BURIAL-CHAMBER / North Wall
register 3 : 117 - 171


82 (117)

O Osiris King Unas, receive what should be on You.
To say the words four times :
-4 loaves of Shenes bread-

83 (118)

O Osiris King Unas, take your Eye, take possession of it.
To say the words four times :
-a bowl with 4 loaves of in the Earth bread-

84 (119)
 

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he <carried off>.
-a bowl of 4 Henefu-breads-

85 (120)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, do not let it <spring up>.
-a bowl of 4 Hebennet-breads-

86 (121)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he has pulled out.
-a bowl of 4 wheat breads-

87 (122)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, put for You in your mouth.
-a bowl of 4 truncated Idetet-breads-

88 (123)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, your bread-loaf and eat.
-4 bread loaves-

89 (124)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he has pulled out.
-a bowl of 4 pieces of roast meat-

90 (125)

O Osiris King Unas, I bring to You his white, sound teeth.
-a bowl of 4 onions-

4. Beef & Poultry

91 (126)

O Osiris King Unas, here is the one who stole the Eye of Horus.
-1 bowl with a foreleg-

92 (127)

O Osiris King Unas, dance ! Geb will not do wrong to his heir who inherits.
-1 bowl with a haunch-

93 (128)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which You should embrace.
-1 bowl of kidneys
-

94 (129)

O Osiris King Unas, accept the one of the shank, the Eye of Horus.
-1 bowl with a shank of meat-

95 (130)

O Osiris King Unas, take those who rebelled against You.
To say the words four times :
-a bowl of 4 ribs-

96 (131)

O Osiris King Unas, take your <assailant>.
To say the words four times :
-1 bowl of roasted meat-

97 (132)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, go toward it.
-1 bowl of liver-

98 (133)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus against which he went.
-1 bowl of spleen-

99 (134)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which is from his forehead.
-1 bowl of belly meat-

100 (135)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which is from Seth's forehead.
-1 bowl of breast meat-

101 (136)

O Osiris King Unas, take the <severed> heads of the Followers of Seth.
-1 bowl of goose-

102 (137)

O Osiris King Unas, take <all> of this heart.
To say the words four times :
-1 bowl of white-fronted goose-

103 (138)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, which he has brought.
-1 bowl of duck-

104 (139)

O Osiris King Unas, take the one who came to settle them.
-1 bowl of grey goose
-

105 (140)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus !
Prevent him from having pain in it.
-1 bowl of pigeon-

5. Bread

106 (141)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he pulled out.
-1 loaf of warm bread-

107 (142)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, for it cannot be cut off from You.
-2 loaves of cut bread-

108 (143)

O Osiris King Unas, the Eye of Horus is allotted to You.
-a bowl of 2 loaves of Nepat-bread-

109 (144)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, the water of which he caused to suffer.
-a bowl of
2 loaves of Meset-bread-

6. Drinks

110 (145)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, for little is that which Seth has eaten of it.
-2 bowls of strong ale-

111 (146)

O Osiris King Unas, take the eye of Horus, (for) they come, who have <torn> a piece from it.
-2 bowls of whipped cream-

112 (147)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they <reft> from him.
-2 bowls of Henemes-bear-

113 (148)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of beer-

114 (149)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of date bear-

115 (150)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of Pekh(a)-beer-

116 (151)

O Osiris King Unas, provide yourself with <the ferment> which comes out of You.
-2 bowls of bowland beer-

117 (152)

O Osiris King Unas, take the breast of Horus which they offer.
-2 bowls of fig drink-

118 (153)

O Osiris King Unas, part your mouth with it.
-2 bowls of Delta wine-

119 (154)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they spat out ! Prevent him from swallowing it.
-2 jars of Abesh-wine-

120 (155)

O Osiris King Unas, take the pupil in the Eye of Horus, part your mouth with it.
-2 bowls of Buto wine-

121 (156)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he has fished up, (and) part your mouth with it.
-2 bowls of Mariut wine-

122 (157)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus !
It will not separate itself from You.
-2 bowls of Pelusium wine-

7. Fruits

123 (158)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus as it <springs up>.
-2 bowls of Hebennet-

124 (159)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he <carried off>.
-2 bowls of Khenfu-

125 (160)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which he took from Seth.
-2 bowls of Ished-berries-

126 (161)

O Osiris King Unas, take the white Eye of Horus and prevent him from wearing it as a headband.
-2 bowls of white Seshet-

127 (162)

O Osiris King Unas, take the green Eye of Horus and prevent him from wearing it as a headband.
-2 bowls of green Seshet-


128
(163)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and prevent him from tearing it out.
-2 bowls of roasted wheat-

129 (164)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and prevent him from tearing it out.
-2 bowls of roasted barley-

130 (165)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, <it is slipping>.
-2 bowls of Ba(ba)t-

131 (166)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus which they have licked.
-2 bowls of Sidder fruit-

132 (167)

O Osiris King Unas, open your eyes and see with them.
-2 bowls of Sidder bread-

133 (168)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus and prevent him from netting it.
-2 bowls of carob beans-

8. Vegetables

134
(169)

O Osiris King Unas, take the sweet Eye of Horus, return it to yourself.
-2 bowls of all kinds of sweet stalk-

135 (170)

O Osiris King Unas, take the Eye of Horus, allot it to yourself.
-2 bowls of all kind of young plant-

9. Dedication of Offerings

136
(171)

O Osiris King Unas, may what You have endure for You with You !
-dedication of the offerings-


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initiated : 18 VI 2006 - updated : 29 VI 2012 - version n°3

© Wim van den Dungen
Antwerp, 2006 - 2017.